Paolo Gentiloni, the EU tax commissioner, said if the bloc makes a success of its fiscal response to the coronavirus pandemic, it will strengthen the argument for collective European responses to future problems. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco)
The European Commission has been authorized by EU members to raise money on international markets to fund the €750 billion ($887 billion) recovery package, and the European Parliament and representatives from EU member countries are currently negotiating on a budget. This will be the first time the EU has raised its own capital on international markets, and progress has been slow as crucial issues remain to be resolved.
"If we make a success of it, we will have laid the groundwork and provided a blueprint for how to tackle downturns in the future," Gentiloni said. The parties to the negotiations, he said, "must redouble their efforts to close the deal on the [EU budget] without further delay,"
Three key issues remain in the discussions: the new revenue streams and quasi-tax measures that will be used to raise revenue at the EU level, which are known as "own resources" in EU jargon; the rule-of-law conditions attached to the receipt of recovery funds; and budget ceilings and ratios.
Candidates for the new revenue streams include a plastics tax, levies on aviation fuel and maritime fuel, a carbon border tax and a new tax on digital services.
The creation of new own resources was approved by the bloc's Parliament in September but must be approved by the national parliaments of the EU countries. The revenue streams are the legal basis for the bloc's budget and must be approved before the budget can be implemented.
Poland and Hungary — both of which are often accused of backsliding into authoritarianism — have reservations about making respect for the institutions of liberal democracy a condition for receiving EU money.
Negotiations between the Parliament and the representatives of the bloc's members continue this week.
--Editing by Vincent Sherry.
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