4th Circ. Adopts Broad Willfulness Test In Ammo Export Case

Law360, New York (January 29, 2014, 2:33 PM EST) -- The Fourth Circuit on Tuesday upheld the conviction of a former U.S. State Department employee for illegally shipping ammunition to the U.S. embassy in Jordan, finding that the man's general knowledge of the illegality of the shipments under export control regulations was enough to constitute a willful violation.

In a unanimous opinion, the panel swatted away arguments from former foreign service officer Brian Keith Bishop that in order to prove a willful violation of the Arms Export Control Act, the government must prove that he had...
To view the full article, register now.