Coronavirus: The Latest Court Closures And Restrictions

By Sarah Jarvis
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Law360 (March 12, 2020, 11:19 PM EDT) -- UPDATED May 22, 2020, 1:20 PM EDT | As courts across the country take measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, some are restricting access and altering their procedures. Here is a roundup of changes.

This list will be updated with new information as it becomes available. Latest updates include Indiana, Iowa, Maryland, Missouri, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Washington and immigration courts.

Click to view interactive version


Federal Appeals Courts


U.S. Supreme Court
After postponing oral arguments scheduled for the April session, the high court announced April 13 that it would hear oral arguments remotely in May for a limited number of previously postponed cases. The court will proceed with the resolution of all cases argued this term. Opinions will be posted on the court's website.

The high court said on April 30 that it will provide a live audio feed of arguments to Fox News, which is the network pool chair, The Associated Press and C-SPAN.

The court closed to tourists on March 12 until further notice, but the building will remain open for official business. 

The deadline to file any petition for a writ of certiorari due on or after March 19 is extended to 150 days from the date of the lower court judgment, order denying discretionary review or order denying a timely petition for rehearing. The court said it will generally grant motions for time extensions if parties have difficulties related to the coronavirus.

Federal Circuit Court of Appeals
All cases scheduled for argument in May will be conducted remotely and no in-person hearings will be held. All existing deadlines in cases are still in effect. All requirements to provide paper copies of documents submitted electronically are suspended for all documents filed on or after March 2 until further notice. Pro se parties are permitted to submit case-initiating documents by fax or email.

The public is prohibited from entering the National Courts Building complex unless preauthorized by court staff and only as necessary to conduct or support essential court functions, effective March 16. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or had possible exposure to the virus are prohibited from entering the courthouse.

D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals
The court of appeals for the D.C. Circuit has suspended all in-person onsite oral arguments until further notice. 

The Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit is limiting access to its courthouse to "judges, court staff, members of the media, and visitors with official business with the courts," effective Friday. The court asked that those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have had contact with someone who has been exposed to the virus, been asked to self-quarantine or are experiencing flu-like symptoms not enter the courthouse. Pro se litigants may email filings to ProSeFilings@cadc.uscourts.gov as PDF files and should not send duplicate paper copies to the court. Individuals who enter the courthouse or annex must have a face mask covering their nose and mouth.

First Circuit Court of Appeals
The clerk's office will not accept in-person case filings at its intake window until further notice. Those filing paper documents can use the drop box located by the main entrance on the first floor of the John Joseph Moakley U.S. Courthouse in Boston. The court has temporarily suspended a requirement that appendices to briefs must be filed only in paper form. Appendices should be filed electronically, and after an appendix is accepted for filing, the court may set a deadline for paper copies.

Second Circuit Court of Appeals
All filing dates and other deadlines between March 16 and May 17 are extended by 21 days. The court will hear all oral arguments through teleconference.

Those who do not have business with the court will not be admitted until further notice.

Lawyers or pro se parties scheduled to argue before the court should contact the clerk of court if they: visited or have been in contact with someone who was in China, Iran, Italy, Japan or South Korea in the past two weeks, have been asked to self-quarantine, have tested positive for the coronavirus or have been in contact with someone who has tested positive, or if they have a verifiable health condition.

Third Circuit Court of Appeals
Oral arguments will continue as scheduled pending further order of the court. The merits panel will determine the manner of argument. Parties may file a motion requesting to appear by audio conference. The majority of staff in the clerk's office will be working remotely. The three-day time limit for requesting extensions is relaxed until the clerk's office resumes normal operations. The filing of paper copies of briefs and appendices is deferred until further notice.

Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals
The court temporarily suspended its oral argument requirement for published opinions. There will be no in-person oral arguments in the court in May.

The Powell Courthouse in Richmond, Virginia, is closed to the public. Papers may be filed in the courthouse lobby, but those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, those with symptoms of COVID-19 and those who may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering the building.

Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals
All requirements to file paper copies are suspended until further notice. Extensions with justification may be requested from the clerk's office. All outstanding deadlines for incarcerated and nonincarcerated pro se filers are extended for 60 days after their due dates. Oral arguments may be conducted remotely.

Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals
All nonessential court functions are postponed until further notice. Judges, parties, attorneys and some court staff are allowed to appear via video conference. The requirement that nonprisoner pro se litigants file exclusively in paper format is temporarily suspended until May 30.

Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or come into contact with someone who has tested positive are barred from entering any courtroom. That restriction also applies to those who have been asked to self-quarantine, are exhibiting cold or flu symptoms, have visited Italy, Iran, China or South Korea in the past two weeks, or have had close contact with someone who has visited those countries in the past two weeks.

Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals
All cases scheduled for oral argument through June 30 will be argued remotely. Audio from oral arguments will be livestreamed on YouTube and recorded and posted on the court's website. The courtroom in Chicago will be closed to the public, and the court is operating with reduced staff. Arguments will be recorded and posted on the court's website. If all parties agree among themselves to waive oral argument, they may jointly file a motion with the court seeking permission to do so.

Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals
The public is not being admitted to the Eighth Circuit Clerk's Office. Those who come to the Burger Courthouse in St. Paul, Minnesota, or the Eagleton Courthouse in St. Louis to file may leave their documents at the front door to the office. The court is conducting oral arguments remotely in certain cases.

Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals
Ninth Circuit courthouses are closed to the public during noncourt weeks until further notice. The court is evaluating scheduled arguments and will give orders to the cases individually. Panels may exercise their discretion to submit cases without argument, postpone argument to a later date or hold argument via telephone or video. Arguments will be livestreamed for the public.

Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals
The Tenth Circuit closed its sole courthouse to the public from March 17 until further notice. The Denver courthouse will be restricted to judges, court staff, court security officers and service providers with official business with the court. All filings should be made electronically or via mail until further notice.

Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals
In the Eleventh Circuit, only judges, court staff, members of the media and visitors with official business with the court will be allowed into the two Eleventh Circuit buildings. Paper filing requirements are temporarily waived. Panels can hear oral arguments remotely, and those hearings will be livestreamed for the public when feasible. Recordings of oral arguments will also be available on the court's website. Anyone who is experiencing flu-like symptoms or who has had a known contact with a person who tested positive for the coronavirus will not be allowed inside. 

Federal District Courts and State Courts


Alabama
In the Northern District of Alabama, district and magistrate judges shall determine when it is appropriate to conduct in-person hearings on a case-by-case basis. Hearings will be conducted remotely through the coronavirus national emergency unless it is necessary for them to be held in-person. The district is prohibiting those who have tested positive for the coronavirus and those who may have been exposed to the virus from entering its courthouses. Also prohibited are those who have visited China, Italy, Japan, Iran or South Korea in the past two weeks.

In the Middle District of Alabama, initial appearances, arraignments and detention hearings before the magistrate judges will continue remotely. Any proceedings that can't be conducted remotely will be coordinated with the duty magistrate judge.

Access to the Montgomery, Dothan and Opelika courthouses is restricted to judges, court staff, members of the media and visitors with official court business. All the Middle District's bankruptcy court hearings will be held by telephone through May 31

The Middle District is prohibiting those who have tested positive for the coronavirus and those who may have been exposed to the virus from entering its courthouses. Also prohibited are those who have visited China, Italy, Japan, Iran or South Korea in the past two weeks.

The Southern District of Alabama is prohibiting those who have tested positive for the coronavirus and those who may have been exposed to the virus from entering its courthouses. Also prohibited are those who have visited Europe, China, Italy, Iran or South Korea in the past two weeks. Everyone must wear a mask while on the courthouse premises, and everyone will be required to submit to COVID-19 screening before being allowed to enter the courthouse, starting May 18.

In the state court system, jury trials are suspended until Sept. 14. In-person hearings in the Circuit, District, Juvenile, Municipal and Probate courts may begin after May 15, at the discretion of the presiding Circuit judge.

Alaska
In the District of Alaska, all civil and criminal jury trials set to begin on or before June 1 are postponed until further notice. Trial-specific deadlines in civil and criminal cases set to begin before June 1 are postponed until further notice. All noncase-related activities scheduled in the James M. Fitzgerald U.S. Courthouse in Anchorage and the U.S. courthouses in Fairbanks and Juneau are canceled until further notice. All grand jury proceedings scheduled to be held before June 1 are postponed. No hearings in bankruptcy appeals pending before the court scheduled to start on or before June 1 will go forward, except for emergency time-sensitive matters.

In Alaska's state court system, jury trials are suspended until at least July 6. Grand jury proceedings and nonjury proceedings in criminal and civil cases may resume June 1. Court proceedings will be conducted with social distancing and other safety measures.

Arizona 
The District of Arizona has postponed all civil and criminal jury trials scheduled to begin on or before June 1 until further notice. All trial-specific deadlines in criminal cases scheduled to begin before June 1 are postponed until further notice, and judges may postpone deadlines for civil cases at their discretion. All grand juries that were scheduled to convene on or before June 1 are temporarily suspended. For defendants charged with felonies during this time, the period of time for presenting the case to the grand jury is extended 30 days from the indictment deadline. Judges will conduct proceedings remotely where feasible. Noncase-related activities at courthouses in Phoenix, Tucson and Yuma, including naturalization ceremonies, are canceled until further notice.

The Flagstaff courthouse will be closed to the public, except for necessary court appearances, through May 29. The public admitted to the courtroom will be limited to no more than two people in the public seating area at any time.

The court is asking those who recently traveled from an area with widespread COVID-19 — and those who are exhibiting symptoms of the disease — not to visit its courthouse.

In the state court system, no new petit juries will be empaneled through June 1. All in-person court proceedings will be avoided as much as possible, and presiding judges will determine how cases should be handled.

Arkansas
In the Eastern District of Arkansas, all civil and criminal jury trials and grand jury proceedings scheduled before May 29 are postponed, and further postponements will be handled by presiding judges. Attorneys and parties must provide notice of potential exposure to the coronavirus. The court will use videoconferencing in preliminary criminal proceedings as needed. 

In the Western District of Arkansas, all civil and criminal bench and jury trials are postponed and will be rescheduled to a date after June 1. Certain proceedings may be conducted remotely. Grand jury proceedings are postponed until further notice. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or may have been exposed to it are prohibited from entering any courthouse.

In the state court system, all jury summonses are suspended until June 30. Starting May 18, Arkansas state courts may resume conducting in-person hearings with certain measures in place to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

California
In the Southern District of California, judges can conduct proceedings, except for jury trials, in all civil cases. A quorum of grand jurors may be available to serve during limited periods starting on May 20. Beginning June 1, judges can conduct certain in-person criminal proceedings when the defendant is out of custody.

In the Eastern District of California, all civil and criminal jury trials scheduled to begin before June 15 are postponed. All courthouses are closed to the public. All civil matters will be decided on the papers or by remote hearings, if necessary. All criminal initial appearances, arraignments and other essential proceedings will proceed before magistrate judges unless the parties agree to postpone them. Proceedings should be conducted remotely when possible. District judges may postpone criminal matters to a date after June 1.

In the Central District of California, all courthouses are closed to the public through June 1, except for certain criminal hearings. Courthouse tours are canceled. No civil hearings will go forward, except for emergency time-sensitive matters. Any hearings on emergency civil matters will only proceed by telephone. In the bankruptcy court for the Central District, appearances by telephone are mandatory in all matters through June 1.

In the Northern District of California, all civil and criminal jury trials are postponed until June 1, along with all grand jury proceedings. All civil hearings and most criminal hearings will take place via telephone or video conference until at least June 1. Anyone with symptoms of the virus should not appear in court. Essential courthouse operations for the Oakland, San Jose and Eureka/McKinleyville courthouses will be consolidated and relocated to the San Francisco courthouse until June 1.

The Central District and Eastern District of California are prohibiting anyone who visited China, South Korea, Japan, Italy or Iran in the past two weeks from entering any of their courthouses. The restriction also applies to those who have had close contact with someone who has visited those countries in the past two weeks, those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or have been in contact with someone who has tested positive, those who have been asked to self-quarantine and those experiencing fever, cough or shortness of breath.

In the state court system, all Los Angeles County Superior Court judges are required to wear face masks in public areas inside courthouses. Civil jury trials in California's Superior Courts are suspended for 60 days as of March 23, and criminal jury trials are postponed for 90 days.

The California Supreme Court suspended in-person oral argument sessions until further notice. Counsel will only appear remotely. All oral argument sessions will be held in the court's San Francisco headquarters courtroom with limited seating.

Colorado
In the District of Colorado, all civil and criminal trials set to start before May 29 are postponed. All grand jury proceedings are suspended through May 29. Hearings will be held remotely when possible. Only those with official court business are allowed to enter the district's courthouses and probation offices. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or may have been exposed to it are prohibited from entering any courthouse.

In the state court system, all jury calls are suspended through June 1 except those for criminal trials facing imminent speedy trial deadlines.

Connecticut
In the District of Connecticut, all in-person civil and criminal jury trials and jury selections scheduled to start through June 15 are postponed until further notice. In-person grand jury proceedings may begin May 18 and will be conducted only in the New Haven courthouse. The courthouses will remain open for all other business. The clerk's office is closed to the public until further notice, and all manual court filings can be made at a designated box in the entrance lobby of each courthouse.

The court is also prohibiting visitors who have been to China, South Korea, Japan, Italy, Iran, or any locale that is quarantined in the past two weeks. The court specified that those who have visited New Rochelle, New York — other than in a car or train — are also prohibited from visiting courthouses and probation offices.

All scheduled hearings and conferences in the district's bankruptcy court will be conducted by telephone, unless the matter is withdrawn, resolved, postponed or the court determines the proceeding is not necessary.

In the state court system, all civil and criminal jury trials are suspended. The courts will only schedule and hear certain high-priority matters. The Appellate Court will hear arguments remotely in May. The Supreme Court and Appellate Court have suspended the time requirements for all filings until further notice and have requested that no paper briefs be filed until further notice. All state courthouses are closed on Tuesdays and Thursdays until further notice.

Delaware
In the District of Delaware, the J. Caleb Boggs U.S. Courthouse and Federal Building  in Wilmington is closed until further notice. All civil and criminal jury selections and trials scheduled to begin before May 31 are postponed until further notice. Individual judges may hold sentencings, change of plea hearings and bench trials at their discretion.

Attorneys are asked to inform the appropriate court if they have appeared in court and have since developed symptoms or tested positive for the coronavirus and to inform the courts about any scheduled proceedings that will require the attendance of a person who has tested positive for coronavirus or has been in contact in the past 14 days with a person who has tested positive for coronavirus.

Also, the courts will conduct conferences and hearings by phone when possible and will consider any request to change a scheduled in-person proceeding to a telephone proceeding.

In the Delaware Bankruptcy Court, face masks are required in common areas of court facilities. Hearings scheduled before June 1 will be conducted remotely.

In the Delaware Chancery Court, court facilities will be closed to the public through at least June 13. All hearings and trials will be conducted remotely.

The Delaware Supreme Court canceled all in-person oral arguments through May.

All state trial courts will have the discretion to postpone for 30 days both civil and criminal trials and hearings. Proceedings will be conducted by telephone when possible and the court will consider all requests for in-person hearings to be conducted by phone. Attorneys and self-represented parties scheduled for trial must notify the court if the trial will require the attendance of a person who has tested positive for coronavirus or has been in contact in the past 14 days with a person who has tested positive for coronavirus.

Florida
In the Southern District of Florida, all jury trials scheduled to begin on or before March 30 are postponed until July 6. All trial-specific deadlines in criminal cases scheduled to begin before July 6 are also postponed until further notice. All grand jury sessions are postponed until July 6. All naturalization ceremonies are suspended through July 1.

Court security officers are screening people who enter the federal courthouse and denying entry to anyone who has recently visited Italy, Iran, South Korea or China. Anyone who resides with or has had recent close contact with someone who has traveled to one of those countries, has been asked to self-quarantine, has tested positive for the coronavirus or had contact with someone tested positive also will not be able to enter any of the federal courthouses in the district.

In the Middle District of Florida, those with symptoms of COVID-19 and those who may have been exposed to the coronavirus are prohibited from entering any courthouse. All jury trials in the Orlando Division scheduled to begin before June 30 are postponed, as are all trial-specific deadlines in criminal cases scheduled to begin before June 30.

In the Northern District of Florida, all court locations are closed to the public, except for individuals who have necessary court business. Hearings will be conducted remotely until further notice. All jury trials scheduled to occur between May 1 and June 30 are postponed. Naturalization ceremonies are suspended through June 30.

In the state court system, the Florida Supreme Court ruled that all grand jury proceedings, jury selection proceedings, and criminal and civil jury trials are suspended through May 29. Proceedings that had already begun may continue if the presiding judge and chief judge determine it is required "by the interests of justice." All time periods involving the speedy trial procedure in criminal and juvenile court proceedings are suspended through June 1. The chief judges of each state Circuit Court were ordered to cancel or postpone nonessential court proceedings, unless the proceedings can be conducted remotely.

Georgia
In the Northern District of Georgia, all civil and criminal trials are postponed until after May 29. The Rome and Gainesville clerk's office intake counters are closed until further notice. The District said on March 11 that it is denying entry to anyone who has visited China, South Korea, Japan, Italy or Iran in the past two weeks. The restriction also applies to those who have had close contact with someone who has visited those countries in the past 14 days, has tested positive for the coronavirus, been in contact with someone who has tested positive or been asked to self-quarantine by any hospital or health agency. Those denied entry may appear by teleconference with approval of the presiding judge.

In the Middle District of Georgia, no jury trials will be held for 60 days. Grand juries are not affected by the moratorium. All criminal hearings are canceled through July 13 except for certain proceedings, including initial appearances, arraignments and detention hearings. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any courthouse.

In the Southern District of Georgia, only those with official court business will be admitted into the courthouse. Criminal jury trials may be postponed until May 31. Those who have symptoms of COVID-19, have tested positive for the coronavirus or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering the building. Grand juries will continue to meet. Criminal matters before magistrate judges will continue to take place as usual.

In the Georgia Supreme Court, filing deadlines, including statutes of limitation, are suspended through June 12. The court encourages attorneys to file briefs and other documents where practical, since the court is still working on cases.

The Georgia Supreme Court asked all attorneys, parties and other visitors to stay away from the court if they have a fever or symptoms of respiratory illness or if they have been exposed to anyone tested positive for the coronavirus or has the flu.

Guam
In the District of Guam, the court and the U.S. District Pretrial and Probation Office are closed to the public through June 5, with certain exceptions. All jury selections and trials set to begin before June 5 are postponed until further notice. Criminal matters before the magistrate judge will proceed remotely unless otherwise directed by the court. All grand jury proceedings are postponed through June 5, but the U.S. attorney may schedule proceedings for emergency or essential matters. All sentencing and revocation hearings scheduled to be heard on or before June 5, and any related deadlines, are postponed until further notice.

All naturalization ceremonies and noncourt-related events scheduled for May are canceled. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering the district court.

Hawaii
In the District of Hawaii, all civil and criminal trials scheduled to start between March 17 and June 15 are postponed. All civil hearings, including settlement conferences, scheduled for that time period will either be conducted remotely or taken off the court's calendar. Nonessential criminal matters will be postponed to a date after June 15, but the court will continue to conduct initial appearances, arraignments, detention hearings and other time-sensitive matters. The court is generally closed to the public, but there is limited seating for in-person hearings, available by request.

The court is prohibiting those who have visited China, Iran, Italy, Japan and South Korea within the past two weeks from entering the courthouse, as well as those who have had contact with someone who has been in those countries, tested positive for the coronavirus, been in contact with someone who has been exposed to the virus or have been asked to self-quarantine.

In the state court system, all trials in civil, criminal and family courts are postponed through May 29. Those who have COVID-19 symptoms or may have been exposed to the coronavirus are prohibited from entering judiciary facilities.

Idaho
In the District of Idaho, all jury trials scheduled to begin on or before May 31 are postponed until further notice. All grand jury proceedings set to begin before May 31 are suspended. No in-person bankruptcy or civil proceedings will take place until further notice. All preliminary felony and post-conviction proceedings conducted by a magistrate judge will be held remotely.

Those with symptoms of COVID-19 and those who may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from coming to court.

In the state court system, no jury trials in a criminal case will begin before Aug. 3 and no jury trials in a civil case will begin before Oct. 5. Most court proceedings will be held remotely.

Illinois
In the Northern District of Illinois, civil case hearings, bench trials and settlement conferences scheduled on or before May 29 are canceled and will be rescheduled by the presiding judge for on or after June 1. Civil and criminal jury trials scheduled for June 26 or earlier are stricken and will be reset to a date after June 29. All criminal case proceedings in any division that can't be postponed will be conducted in the Eastern Division by district judges serving in emergency capacity.

Grand juries will continue to meet. The court is still accessible for electronic filing and phone and video conferencing in emergency situations.

The court suspended all mass public gatherings outside of court proceedings at the federal courthouses in Chicago and Rockford, Illinois, and limited deliveries to the court. Judges are encouraged to conduct proceedings by phone or video conference where practicable.

In the Central District of Illinois, all civil and criminal jury trials scheduled to begin before May 30 are postponed and will be rescheduled by the presiding judge. All petty offense proceedings are postponed and will be rescheduled by the presiding judge. All civil hearings, including settlement conferences, should be conducted by telephone or video conference. Those who have symptoms of COVID-19 or may have been exposed to the virus should contact the court before appearing.

In the Southern District of Illinois, all in-person civil matters are postponed until further notice. All civil case deadlines are extended by 30 days. Only essential in-person criminal matters will occur. All civil and criminal jury trials that were scheduled on or before May 31 are stricken from the calendar and will be rescheduled for a date on or after June 1. Courthouses in Benton and East St. Louis are closed to the public, with certain exceptions, until May 31. Grand jury proceedings are suspended until at least April 30. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from visiting the courthouse. All scheduled bankruptcy hearings will be held by telephone.

For the Cook County Circuit Court, all matters are postponed for 30 days from their originally scheduled date, but some proceedings will continue, including certain criminal matters, juvenile detention hearings, temporary custody hearings and mental health hearings, among others. Discovery in civil matters will continue, and emergency civil hearings may be conducted in-person or remotely.

Indiana
In the Southern District of Indiana, all jury trials are postponed through June 20. All other civil court proceedings will continue, although they may be conducted remotely at the judge's discretion. The court won't conduct any in-person proceedings through June 15, except for emergency circumstances in particular cases. Naturalization ceremonies are canceled through June 15. Those with symptoms and those who may have been exposed to the coronavirus are prohibited from visiting courthouses.

In the Northern District of Indiana, the Fort Wayne, Hammond, Lafayette and South Bend divisions, as well as the district's bankruptcy court and probation office, are closed to the public. The court will conduct necessary proceedings remotely as ordered by the presiding judge in each case. Necessary criminal proceedings will continue to be held before magistrate judges unless the parties agree to postpone them. Those proceedings will be conducted remotely as much as possible.

In the Indiana Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals of Indiana, in-person filing through the rotunda drop box is suspended through June 14. Parties can file motions for an extension of time if they can't make certain filing deadlines.

Iowa
In the Northern District of Iowa, all civil and criminal jury trials scheduled to start on or before May 31 are postponed until further notice. The court will begin conducting jury trials on June 1, but the presiding judge will consider postponement motions filed by any party. Grand jury proceedings scheduled for after May 11 will proceed as scheduled. A naturalization ceremony scheduled for June 15 is canceled.

Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus are prohibited from entering the courthouse, as are those who have been asked to self-quarantine, those experiencing symptoms and those who may have been exposed to the virus.

In the Southern District of Iowa, all civil and criminal jury trials set from April 8 to July 6 are postponed until further notice. Grand jury proceedings for April are canceled.

In the state court system, nonemergency court proceedings will resume as follows: criminal nonjury proceedings on June 1, civil proceedings on June 15, criminal jury proceedings on July 13 and civil jury proceedings on Aug. 3.

The Iowa Supreme Court ordered that attorneys and parties notify their opposing counsel and appropriate clerk of court's office if they suspect a participant in any proceeding has an elevated risk of transmitting the novel coronavirus. No one who has an elevated risk can attend any state court proceeding in person without court authorization. Attorneys must also ask their clients and witnesses whether they have an elevated risk of transmission, the order said.

Potential state court jurors must notify the jury manager if they have an elevated risk of transmitting coronavirus, and the jury manager must reschedule them to a new service term. The court said it will also promptly consider requests from parties to change in-person proceedings to remote proceedings.

Kansas
In the District of Kansas, all criminal cases and matters scheduled for nonemergency hearings are postponed until further notice. Grand jury proceedings are postponed until the national emergency ends or the date when the Judicial Conference of the United States finds that the federal courts are no longer affected, whichever is earlier. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or were potentially exposed to the virus are prohibited from coming to court.

In the state court system, all civil and criminal jury trials scheduled to begin on or after March 18 are postponed until further notice. Trials in progress as of March 18 may continue to conclusion at the discretion of the presiding judge. All district and appellate courts will be restricted to emergency operations until further notice.

Kentucky
In the Eastern District of Kentucky, all civil and criminal trials were postponed through May 17. Grand jury proceedings will continue.

All hearings in emergency matters will be conducted remotely "absent exceptional circumstances," according to a district order.

In the Western District of Kentucky, civil and criminal trials scheduled to begin before through May 29 are postponed, as are trial-specific deadlines. Hearings in criminal cases scheduled through May 29 are generally postponed. All trials in progress will be completed at the discretion of the presiding judge. With certain exceptions, grand jury proceedings are also postponed through May 29.

In the state court system, all in-person appearances for civil and criminal dockets are canceled through May 31 except for emergency and time-sensitive matters. All scheduled civil trials, hearings and motions are postponed, and any civil trial or hearing currently in progress will be postponed or completed at the discretion of the presiding judge.

Louisiana
In the Eastern District of Louisiana, all civil and criminal jury trials are postponed until Aug. 1 and will be rescheduled by each presiding judge. The postponements do not include deadlines other than the trial dates. For civil and criminal in-person hearings, including bench trials, scheduled before Aug. 1, counsel must contact the presiding judge's chambers to determine how the matter will proceed. All grand jury proceedings are suspended until Aug. 1. All noncase-specific events, including naturalization ceremonies, scheduled before Aug. 1 are canceled and will be rescheduled later.

The court is prohibiting those who have traveled to China, South Korea, Japan, Iran or Italy in the past two weeks from entering the New Orleans courthouse. The restriction also applies to those who have had close contact with someone who recently traveled to those countries, those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, those who have come into contact with someone who has tested positive, those who have been asked to self-quarantine and those with symptoms of COVID-19.

In the Middle District of Louisiana, all criminal and civil trials are postponed through June 30. All in-person civil hearings scheduled through June 30 are postponed and will be rescheduled by the presiding judge. All grand jury proceedings are postponed until further notice. Criminal matters before magistrate judges will take place remotely or in person. No in-person filings will be accepted through June 30. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from the courthouses.

In the Western District of Louisiana, all jury trials set to begin before July 1 are postponed and will be rescheduled by each presiding judge. All other proceedings are subject to the discretion of the presiding judge. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from courthouses..

Public access to the Louisiana Western District Clerk of Court Offices in the Alexandria, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Monroe and Shreveport divisions is suspended. Any court filings may be time-stamped and placed in the drop box located in each division.

In the state court system, no civil or criminal jury trial will start before June 30. As of May 15, courts may conduct all matters in-person. Courts must continue to practice social distancing and limit in-person court capacity to 25% of total capacity. All matters should continue to be conducted remotely where possible. In the state Supreme Court, all filings due between March 12 through June 5 will be considered timely if filed by June 8.

Maine
In the District of Maine, all jury selections and jury trials set to begin before any district or magistrate judge are postponed through June. All grand jury proceedings are postponed through May.

Public access to scheduled hearings will be permitted only with the prior permission of the presiding judge. The clerk's office will be open by appointment only. In-person court proceedings are limited to, among other things, certain criminal matters; the issuance of search warrants; motions seeking immediate, emergency relief; and essential administrative functions.

In the state court system, the courts will schedule and hear only certain proceedings, including arraignments and first appearances of defendants held in custody; requests and hearings related to protection from abuse; child protection petitions and hearings; and hearings granted on motion. Other proceedings will not be scheduled or heard before May 30, and all previously scheduled cases are postponed. All civil and criminal jury matters and grand jury proceedings are postponed until after June 30.

Maryland
The District of Maryland has postponed until further notice all civil and criminal jury selections scheduled to begin before June 5. All nonemergency proceedings are postponed through June 5, and all filing deadlines between March 16 and June 5 are extended by 84 days, not including statutes of limitation or discovery in civil cases. The court will remain open for emergency criminal, civil, and bankruptcy matters related to public safety, public health and welfare, and individual liberty. All misdemeanor, traffic and petty offense proceedings scheduled through May 31 are postponed until further notice.

As of March 31, all in-court proceedings will be heard on Mondays, Wednesdays or Fridays unless a presiding judge orders otherwise. Emergency proceedings may be heard on Tuesdays or Thursdays when necessary.

As of March 27, the requirement to deliver paper courtesy copies to the clerk's office is temporarily suspended, unless otherwise ordered by a presiding judge. Everyone must wear masks in public areas of courthouses in Baltimore, Greenbelt and Salisbury. Those who have tested positive for COVID-19, have symptoms or have recently come into contact with someone who has the virus are prohibited from entering the district's courthouses and probation offices.

All in-court proceedings in the Southern Division U.S. Courthouse in Greenbelt are suspended until further notice. All emergency matters in the Southern Division will be heard in the U.S. Courthouse in Baltimore. Courthouse access is limited to litigants with scheduled proceedings, counsel, investigators or employees of counsel and credentialed press. 

On the state side, the Court of Appeals has ordered that all courts in the Maryland Judiciary, court offices, administrative offices, units of the judiciary, and clerk's offices of the Circuit Court are closed to the public on an emergency basis, effective March 16.

Massachusetts
The Massachusetts District Court announced that while the courthouses in Boston, Worcester and Springfield will remain open, all jury trials scheduled to begin on or before May 29 are postponed until further notice. All trial-specific deadlines in criminal cases scheduled to begin on or before that date are also postponed, as are in-person grand jury proceedings and all scheduled mediations.

The court will continue to hold criminal proceedings involving personal liberty or public safety issues. Other criminal proceedings will be postponed 60 days as of March 16 with exceptions for certain proceedings, including initial appearances, detention hearings and arraignments. Those proceedings may be conducted remotely when feasible.

The court is prohibiting visitors who recently traveled to China, Italy, Japan, Iran and South Korea from entering any courthouse or probation office in the district. Those who have had close contact with someone who visited those countries — as well as those who have symptoms of COVID-19, have tested positive for the virus or have been instructed by a doctor to self-quarantine — are also prohibited from visiting.

In the state court system, the only in-person proceedings that will be held in state courthouses through at least June 1 are emergency matters that can't be handled remotely. Only essential parties can enter courthouses, and only up to three members of the news media will be allowed in for an emergency in-person proceeding.

All civil and criminal jury trials scheduled to start between March 13 and July 1 are postponed. All bench trials scheduled to start between March 13 and June 1 are postponed unless they can be conducted remotely. No new grand juries will be empaneled until July 6. All deadlines, including statutes of limitation, are tolled until June 1.

Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any state courthouse.

Michigan
The Eastern District of Michigan is prohibiting people who have visited China, South Korea, Italy and Iran in the last two weeks from entering any district courthouse until further notice. All civil and criminal matters scheduled for in-person appearances are postponed until further notice, as are grand jury proceedings. Case-by-case exceptions to postponements may be ordered for nonjury matters. Criminal matters before magistrate judges will continue to take place as usual.

In the district's bankruptcy court, all hearings will be held by telephone, unless otherwise ordered by a judge, until further notice

The Theodore Levin U.S. Courthouse in Detroit closed to the public on March 25, and will remain closed to the public until the building owner can clean the courthouse according to federal guidelines. The district announced on March 27 that 10 court security officers showed COVID-19 symptoms, four were hospitalized, and two tested positive for the virus.

In the Western District of Michigan, regular in-person hearings resumed on May 18, although each judge continues to assess what matters can be postponed or handled remotely on a case-by-case basis. The court recommends the use of a face covering in a court facility. Those who are sick, have symptoms or have had contact with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19 in the past two weeks should not enter a court building.

In the state court system, trial courts are limiting courtroom access to no more than 10 people at a time, including staff. The courts are practicing social distancing and limiting court activity to essential functions. All criminal jury trials are adjourned until at least June 22.

Minnesota
In the District of Minnesota, civil and criminal jury trials and trial-specific deadlines are postponed through July 5. Civil and criminal hearings that can't be conducted remotely are also postponed through July 5. The requirement that the filing party provide courtesy copies to the judge hearing the motion is suspended until further notice.

Video conferencing and telephone conferencing are allowed for several types of proceedings, including detention hearings, initial appearances, arraignments, felony pleas and felony sentencings.

The District of Minnesota is prohibiting those who have visited China, Iran, Italy and South Korea within the past two weeks from entering the courthouse, as well as those who have had contact with someone who has been in those countries, tested positive for the coronavirus, been in contact with someone who has tested positive or been asked to self-quarantine.

In the state court system, appellate courts can grant extensions for deadlines to initiate appeals or requests for review up to 30 days. Hearings may be conducted remotely. In state district courts, no jury trials or grand jury proceedings will start until at least June 1. That does not apply to grand juries that were empaneled as of March 23 and taking evidence on a case. Public access to courtrooms will be limited.

Mississippi
In the Northern District of Mississippi, all proceedings should be conducted remotely where possible. For petty offenses, the hearing dates set to address misdemeanor citations in April and May will be continued until June and July, respectively. Public access to courthouses is limited to essential business.

In the Southern District of Mississippi, all nonessential matters set for hearing or trial through May 31 are postponed. Those who have symptoms or have tested positive for the coronavirus must notify the judge and counsel involved if they intend to come to court.

In the state court system, counties with two or fewer reported COVID-19 deaths may send jury summonses. Judges in those counties also have the option of postponing jury trials through June 12. In all other counties, judges can instruct their clerks that jury summonses that would be returnable before June 15 should not be sent. The state Supreme Court urged limiting in-person courthouse contact through the use of electronic filing, teleconferencing and videoconferencing.

Missouri
In the Eastern District of Missouri, all civil and criminal jury trials scheduled to begin before July 6 are postponed. Proceedings should be held remotely where possible. In-person proceedings that a presiding judge determines are nonessential will be postponed until further notice.

Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from visiting any courthouse. All requirements related to in-person participation in alternative dispute resolution are suspended until May 31.

In the Western District of Missouri, all civil and criminal jury trials and grand juries are postponed through July 6. Trial-specific deadlines are postponed through the same date. As of May 18, public counters and probation and pretrial service offices at the district court and bankruptcy court are open to the public from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., subject to change.

In the state court system, limited in-person court activity may resume starting May 16, although courts will have to meet certain criteria to begin opening.

Montana
In the District of Montana, all jury trials set to begin on or before May 29 are vacated, to be reset by order of the presiding judge. The order does not vacate any pending deadlines other than trial dates and final pretrial conferences. All grand jury proceedings scheduled through May 29 are vacated. Individual judges may hold nontrial proceedings in person or remotely at their discretion. Group tours, attorney admission ceremonies and naturalization ceremonies are canceled through May 29.

In the state court system, the Supreme Court recommended on April 27 that courts implement certain physical distancing measures starting May 4 as part of a gradual reopening, while continuing to conduct most cases remotely.

Nebraska
In the District of Nebraska, all civil and criminal matters currently scheduled for an in-court appearance before any district, magistrate, or bankruptcy judge are postponed through June 1. The court may order case-by-case exceptions for nonjury proceedings. The 30-day time period for filing an indictment or information for a grand jury is tolled while proceedings are postponed.

The District of Nebraska has ordered that those who have recently visited China, South Korea, Japan, Italy or Iran should not attend in-person proceedings without court authorization.

The restriction also applies to those who have had contact with someone who has been in those countries, have tested positive for the coronavirus, been in contact with someone who has tested positive, have been asked to self-quarantine or exhibit symptoms of an infectious respiratory illness.

In the state court system, attorneys and parties should notify the court and opposing counsel if they suspect that a participant in any court proceeding has tested positive for the coronavirus, has symptoms, or may have been exposed to the virus. No one who falls into those categories can attend a court proceeding without prior authorization.

Nevada
In the District of Nevada, presiding judges will address the need for postponement of jury trials. All noncase events are postponed. The court is trying to conduct hearings remotely whenever possible. The clerk's office was closed to the public as of March 20, but all filing deadlines are still in effect unless otherwise ordered by the presiding judge.

Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, may have been exposed to it or show symptoms of COVID-19 are prohibited from visiting any courthouse.

In the district's bankruptcy court, all hearings will be conducted remotely. 

In the state court system, the Nevada Supreme Court and appellate courts have postponed all in-person oral arguments until further notice, although oral arguments may be conducted remotely.

New Hampshire
The New Hampshire District Court has postponed all civil and criminal jury trials scheduled to begin before July 1 and all grand jury proceedings scheduled before July 1. For criminal hearings scheduled before July 1, the presiding judge may postpone or reschedule the hearings to be held remotely or in person at the Rudman Courthouse in Concord.

All civil hearings and conferences scheduled to occur after March 20 will be conducted remotely. The court will conduct in-person hearings at the Rudman Courthouse on Tuesdays and Thursdays, with certain restrictions regarding the number of people who can be in a courtroom.

The court has also canceled all naturalization events that were scheduled before June 1.

Prospective jurors experiencing any flu-like symptoms, coughing, sneezing or fever should contact the district court before appearing. The court said it will make reasonable accommodations and reschedule appearances and hearings as needed.

All criminal and civil jury trials scheduled in New Hampshire Superior Courts have been canceled until further notice.

New Jersey
For the New Jersey District Court, all civil and criminal jury selections and trials scheduled to begin before May 31 are postponed until further notice. Judges can continue to hold proceedings at their discretion and are encouraged to conduct proceedings remotely. No new grand juries will be empaneled before May 31, but sitting grand juries may continue to meet. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any district courthouse.

In the state court system, there will be no in-person Municipal Court, Superior Court and Tax Court proceedings, except for limited emergency matters. As many matters as possible will be handled remotely.

Schedules for nonjury proceedings such as landlord-tenant and small claims hearings will be staggered to prevent large groups of people from gathering in a confined area. Out-of-state travel has been suspended for staffers, and nonessential court events like student tours have been canceled.

New Mexico
The District of New Mexico postponed all civil and criminal jury trials set to begin on or before May 29. Grand jury proceedings were permitted to resume at the discretion of the U.S. attorney for the District of New Mexico as of May 4. All naturalization ceremonies through May 29 are canceled.

In the state court system, no more than 15 people will be allowed in each courtroom. Judges must conduct civil and criminal proceedings remotely except when an emergency requires an in-person appearance. Civil and criminal jury trials that had not started as of March 17 are suspended until May 29, and payment deadlines for fines and fees between March 19 and May 29 are extended by 30 days.

New York
The Southern District of New York has suspended notice all civil and criminal jury trials until further. While case-related activities and naturalizations will continue, other noncase activities such as Continuing Legal Education events and school visits are canceled until further notice. All bankruptcy hearings and conferences scheduled to be held in the courthouses of the Manhattan Division, White Plains Division and Poughkeepsie Division of the bankruptcy court will be conducted by telephone unless the presiding judge decides otherwise.

The court urges counsel to check individual judges' webpages for possible orders, including orders extending time in civil matters and adjourning conferences.

The Southern District is prohibiting those who have visited China, Italy, Iran, Japan or South Korea along with a slew of European countries, according to signs posted at courthouse entrances on March 12. The Eruropean countries are Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Vatican City, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, San Marino and Spain.

The court is also barring those with a fever, cough or shortness of breath, and the executive office in that district will not be issuing new attorney service passes until further notice. Access to courthouses is restricted to certain groups, including those with official court business, courthouse employees, certain contractors, mail carriers, law enforcement, credentialed press, family members of criminal defendants and jurors in ongoing trials.

In bankruptcy court, debtors with Chapter 13 cases before Chief Judge Cecelia G. Morris and Judge Sean H. Lane are waived from in-person court appearances. Attorneys and unrepresented debtors who are showing signs of illness must adjourn their cases. The contact for Judge Morris is Vanessa Ashmeade, (845) 451-6367. The contact for Judge Lane is Arturo Tavarez at (914) 467-7094.

In the Eastern District of New York, all petit jury selections and jury trials scheduled to start between April 27 and June 15 are postponed, as are grand jury selections. Compliance with trial deadlines is left to the presiding judge's discretion. All naturalization ceremonies are suspended for 45 days as of March 16. In-person attorney admission ceremonies at all courthouses are suspended until further notice. For all criminal matters that had preliminary hearings before magistrate judges scheduled for April 27 through June 15, preliminary hearing deadlines are extended 60 days after the initial appearance.

The district is allowing video or telephone conferencing for several types of proceedings, including detention hearings, initial appearances and arraignments.

Access to court buildings is restricted to "those whose presence is essential," according to an order. The court is prohibiting those who have traveled to China, Italy, Iran, Japan or South Korea and a slew of European countries in the past two weeks. Also prohibited are those who have come into close contact with anyone who has traveled to those countries within the past two weeks, have been asked to self-quarantine, tested positive for the coronavirus or have come into contact with someone who has tested positive.

In the Northern District of New York, all civil and criminal jury selections and trials — including for grand juries — scheduled to begin through June 15 are postponed until further notice. Other criminal matters before magistrate judges will continue to take place as usual. All mass public gatherings, including naturalization ceremonies, are suspended. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any courthouse. Face masks are required in courthouses.

In the Western District of New York, all civil jury trials and grand jury selections are postponed until June 15. The court encouraged judges to reduce personal appearances for all other proceedings as much as they can. No naturalization ceremonies will be conducted until June 15. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any courthouse. Anyone not wearing a mask will also be prohibited.

For state courts, new civil and criminal jury trials are suspended as of March 16. Jury selection is also halted, and grand juries will not be empaneled "absent exceptional circumstances," although current grand juries will remain on duty along with some trial jurors. Starting May 18, courts in 30 upstate counties will gradually begin to reopen as judges, clerks and staff return to their courthouses. Cases may be filed electronically in those counties starting May 18. Social distancing and other measures will be enforced, and anyone entering the courthouses will be required to wear a mask. Nonemployee court visitors will be required to undergo COVID-19 screening before entering a courthouse. Starting May 25, the state will allow electronic filings in all state courts.

The New York Attorney General's Office is encouraging parties to effect personal service by mail. For New York City service, the address is 28 Liberty St., 15th Floor, New York, NY 10005, Attn: managing attorney's office/personal service. For Albany, the address is The Capitol Albany, NY 12224-0341, Attn: A&O/personal service. And for emergency applications, the office requests parties to email applications to Service@ag.ny.gov and call the managing attorney's office main line at 212-416-6157.

The U.S. Court of International Trade in Manhattan is prohibiting entry to those who have visited China, Italy, Iran or South Korea in the past two weeks, as well as those who have been asked to self-quarantine. The restriction also applies to those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or have come into close contact with someone who has tested positive. The court is allowing teleconferencing and video conferencing with the approval of a presiding judge.

North Carolina
In the Eastern District of North Carolina, certain proceedings may be conducted remotely. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms of COVID-19 or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from visiting any courthouse without permission from the chief judge.

In the Middle District of North Carolina, all civil trials scheduled to begin before June 8 are postponed until further notice. All criminal cases are postponed to a date on or after June 8. Only those with official business are permitted to enter the district's courthouses unless they have prior permission from the chief judge. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from visiting any courthouse without permission from the chief judge.

In the Western District of North Carolina, judges are staggering their hearings, and hearings will be held in the largest courtroom available. Nonevidentiary hearings should be conducted remotely where possible.

In the state court system, the filing deadlines for documents previously due between March 16 and June 1 are extended to the end of the day on June 1 The order does not apply to the appellate courts. All civil and criminal District and Superior Court matters are postponed unless they are essential for constitutional or public safety reasons.

North Dakota
In the District of North Dakota, all jury trials scheduled before July 3 are postponed, as are trial-specific deadlines in criminal cases. Trial-specific deadlines in civil cases remain but may be postponed by individual judges. Criminal matters before magistrate judges will take place as usual. Grand jury proceedings will resume in June.

The North Dakota Supreme Court suspended all state jury trials until after July 1, but state courts are holding nonjury proceedings to the extent possible. Presiding judges have the discretion to postpone bench trials and hearings before June 1.

Northern Mariana Islands
In the District of the Northern Mariana Islands, all scheduled civil and criminal jury selections and trials are postponed until further notice. All grand jury proceedings are postponed unless otherwise ordered by the chief judge. The schedule for all other civil and criminal hearings will be determined on a case-by-case basis by the presiding judge. All noncase proceedings, including naturalization ceremonies, are postponed. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering the courthouse.

Ohio
In the Southern District of Ohio, civil and criminal matters scheduled for trial before June 1 are postponed for 60 days, as are their associated deadlines. All initial appearances, detention hearings and arraignments will be conducted remotely. Grand jury proceedings are postponed through June 1. Judges may order case-by-case exceptions to postponements. Courthouses in Columbus, Cincinnati and Dayton are closed to the public.

In the Northern District of Ohio, all civil and criminal jury trials are postponed until after June 12. In criminal cases, initial appearances, arraignments and detention hearings will proceed remotely. All grand jury proceedings are suspended through June 12 unless the chief judge decides otherwise.

The Ohio Supreme Court has provided guidance for state courts, including waiving appearances for pretrial hearings and using video conferencing or other technology to conduct proceedings including arraignments, hearings, pretrial hearings and probation meetings.

Oklahoma
In the Northern District of Oklahoma, all civil and criminal matters scheduled for in-court appearances are postponed until further notice, as are their related deadlines. All grand jury proceedings are postponed until further notice. Case-by-case exceptions to nonjury matters may be ordered. Civil and criminal motions that can be resolved without oral argument are unaffected.

In the Western District of Oklahoma, in-person proceedings for those detained at the Grady County Law Enforcement Center are suspended until June 1. Civil and criminal jury trials on the June docket are postponed and will be reset by the presiding judge, who will also handle trial-related deadlines. Naturalization ceremonies on May 29 and June 26 are canceled. Courthouse visitors are required to wear cloth face coverings. Most civil hearings will be conducted remotely. Some criminal proceedings will be held in-person or remotely, as appropriate.

In the Eastern District of Oklahoma, all jury trials, grand jury sessions and naturalization ceremonies scheduled to start on or before June 1 are postponed. Those who have COVID-19 symptoms, have tested positive for the coronavirus or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering the courthouse.

On the state side, the Oklahoma Supreme Court and Court of Criminal Appeals ordered that civil and criminal jury trials be rescheduled on the next available jury docket after July 31. Starting May 16, all rules, procedures and deadlines will be enforced. The period from March 16 to May 15 will be treated as a tolling period. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any courtroom or other facility used by the state courts.

Oregon
In the District of Oregon, civil and criminal jury selections and trials scheduled to begin before June 1 are postponed until further notice. All grand jury proceedings scheduled before that date are postponed. All other civil and criminal matters scheduled for an in-court appearance before June 1 are postponed unless they can be resolved remotely or without oral argument. The District Clerk's Office is closed to the public in all locations but available by phone. Filings will be processed electronically and by mail.

In the state court system, most trials and many other hearings are postponed and will be rescheduled for after June 1. Trial courts throughout the state are reducing the number of people summoned as jurors. Potential jurors who are in high-risk categories for severe illness can contact the court to reschedule their jury service.

Pennsylvania
In the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, all civil and criminal jury trials and grand jury selections are postponed until May 31. Access to courthouses is limited to judges, court personnel and those attending court proceedings or who have other official business with the court. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering courthouses.

In the Western District of Pennsylvania, all civil and criminal jury selections and trials scheduled to begin before June 12 are postponed until further notice. All trial-specific deadlines remain in effect unless altered by the presiding judge.

In the Middle District of Pennsylvania, all hearings and proceedings in civil and criminal cases are postponed until May 31, with exceptions for certain individual cases.

In the state court system, jury trials are suspended until further notice. The state Supreme Court ordered all county courts to resume various court operations while prioritizing critical matters and encouraging remote proceedings that allow public access.

Puerto Rico
In the District of Puerto Rico, certain proceedings will be conducted remotely. The bankruptcy court will not be open to the public until June 3.

Rhode Island
In the District of Rhode Island, the courthouse building at One Exchange Terrace, Providence, is closed to the public until further notice. The court operations in the John O. Pastore Building in Providence will be closed Tuesdays and Thursdays and will be open for limited purposes only on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. The presiding judge's case manager will cancel all in-person civil matters and arrange remote hearings where possible. All grand jury proceedings and ongoing criminal hearings are postponed unless the person's liberty interests are involved.

Those who are required to appear in Rhode Island's district court, including those who are called as jurors, must contact the court before appearing if they are experiencing any flu-like symptoms. Those who have traveled to China, Italy, Iran and South Korea in the past two weeks are prohibited from entering the courthouse, as are those who may have been exposed to the virus.

In the state Superior Court system, civil and criminal jury trials are postponed until at least Aug. 1, and bench trials are postponed until at least July 1. Grand jury proceedings may begin as of May 18. Nonemergency matters that can't be handled remotely may be conducted in person on a limited basis, with staggered calendars, social distancing and face mask protocols. The court will also continue to conduct proceedings remotely. All filing deadlines that would have expired between March 17 and May 17 are extended to May 29. Statutes of limitation are not tolled.

In the state Supreme Court, those who need additional time to file papers can file a motion consistent with Article I of the Rules of Appellate Procedure. All papers can be filed electronically at SupremeCourtClerksOffice@courts.ri.gov.

South Carolina
In the District of South Carolina, all civil and criminal jury selections and trials scheduled to start through July 5 are postponed until further notice. All grand jury proceedings scheduled through July 5 are postponed unless otherwise noted by the chief judge. In all civil cases, deadlines are extended 21 days, but statutes of limitation are not tolled. All other civil and criminal matters scheduled for an in-court appearance before July 5 are postponed, unless the matter can be resolved remotely.

In the state court system, all oral arguments scheduled before appellate courts as of March 20 are canceled until further notice. Parties do not need to file additional document copies with the South Carolina Supreme Court or the Court of Appeals. In the Circuit Courts, only emergency hearings shall be held at the discretion of each chief administrative judge. All jury trials are postponed, and all large gatherings are canceled until further notice. Hearings that can be held by video may be held remotely.

South Dakota
In the District of South Carolina, all civil and criminal jury selections and trials scheduled to start through July 5 are postponed until further notice. All grand jury proceedings scheduled through July 5 are postponed unless otherwise noted by the chief judge. In all civil cases, deadlines are extended 21 days, but statutes of limitation are not tolled. All other civil and criminal matters scheduled for an in-court appearance before July 5 are postponed, unless the matter can be resolved remotely.

The South Dakota Supreme Court declared a judicial emergency and authorized the presiding judges of the state's seven judicial circuits to adopt rules and orders regarding court operations. Each circuit put forward policies to address requests from high-risk individuals to be excused from in-person court appearances.

Tennessee
In the Eastern District of Tennessee, civil and criminal jury trials set to begin on or before May 30 are postponed. Cases not scheduled for a trial will proceed as scheduled, but oral proceedings will be conducted remotely where possible. Grand jury proceedings in Greeneville and Chattanooga are suspended through May 30. All misdemeanor, petty offense and traffic dockets scheduled through May 30 are postponed. Tours and naturalization ceremonies are canceled until further notice.

In the Western District of Tennessee, all civil judicial proceedings currently scheduled are postponed until after May 30. Criminal proceedings that don't require in-person appearances are postponed until after May 30. All civil and criminal jury selections and trials scheduled to begin on or before May 30 are postponed until further notice. All grand juries already selected will not meet until after May 30. The federal courthouse at 111 South Highland Ave. in Jackson is closed to the public until further notice, but the court encourages attorneys and litigants to review procedures for court business as outlined in a March order.

The Middle District of Tennessee has postponed civil and criminal jury selections and jury trials that were scheduled to begin through May 31. All grand jury proceedings scheduled to take place through May 31 are postponed, as are related deadlines.

In the state court system, jury trials are suspended through July 3. Most in-person proceedings are also suspended, with certain exceptions for criminal defendants and emergency situations. Deadlines set to expire between March 13 and May 31 are extended through June 5, including statutes of limitation, orders of protection and temporary injunctions.

Texas
The Northern District of Texas has postponed all civil and criminal bench and jury trials scheduled to begin through May 31. Grand jury proceedings may resume under conditions directed by the court. Public tours and naturalization ceremonies scheduled through May 31 are canceled and will be rescheduled later.

In the Southern District of Texas, all jury trials in the Corpus Christi, Houston, Galveston, McAllen and Laredo divisions are postponed through May 31, including grand jury sessions. In the Brownsville Division, jury trials and grand jury proceedings are postponed through June 1.

In the Eastern District Court, all jury trials scheduled to begin through May 31 are postponed. Grand jury proceedings are also postponed through May 31. Attorneys and parties were ordered to communicate if court proceedings could cause someone to come into contact with an individual exposed to or infected with the virus.

The Western District of Texas postponed proceedings in all civil and criminal bench and jury trials scheduled to begin through June 30. The postponements do not include any deadlines except for trial dates. Grand jury proceedings are postponed through June 30. Parties are encouraged to participate in nonsentencing proceedings by telephone or video. Other events such as tours and naturalization ceremonies that were scheduled to take place before June 30 are canceled.

On the state side, deadlines for filing or service of any civil case are tolled from March 13 until June 1. Deadlines that fall between March 13 and June 1 for filing or service of any civil case are extended until July 15. That does not include deadlines for appellate proceedings, although requests for relief in those cases should be "generously granted" by the presiding court, according to an order. The Harris County Civil District Court, serving the Houston area, has suspended jury service through May 31.

The Texas Judiciary said state courts may begin holding nonessential in-person hearings on June 1 as long as they abide by guidelines released by the Texas Office of Court Administration. The local administrative district judges in each county and the presiding judge of each municipal court will be required to submit a reopening plan to the regional presiding judge for their administrative judicial region.

U.S. Virgin Islands
In the District of the Virgin Islands, all civil and criminal jury and bench trials scheduled before June 15 are postponed until further notice. Sitting grand juries are not authorized to meet before June 15, and no new grand juries will be empaneled before then. The 30-day time period for filing an indictment is tolled through June 15. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from visiting the courthouses.

The Supreme Court of the Virgin Islands ordered that all nonessential functions of the judicial branch be suspended until further notice. Deadlines in pending appeals are extended either by 14 days or to June 1, whichever is longer. Deadlines in original proceedings, such as for mandamus or other writs, are still in effect unless the presiding judge has ordered otherwise. The time to file a notice of appeal or other initiating document is tolled through May 31, and the period from March 23 through May 31 is excluded from the 120-day period for the Superior Court to rule on post-judgment motions.

In the Superior Court, all deadlines in cases pending as of April 23 are extended either by 14 days or to June 1, whichever is longer. All previously scheduled depositions may occur as scheduled, and new depositions may be scheduled, but parties are encouraged to agree to postpone depositions if possible.

Utah
In the District of Utah, all civil and criminal jury trials are postponed through June 15. All trial-related deadlines in criminal trials scheduled to begin trial before June 15 are postponed. Judges can postpone trial-related deadlines in civil cases at their discretion. All grand jury proceedings are suspended through June 15.

All currently scheduled hearings in criminal cases are postponed, but the assigned judge in each case may proceed with the hearings remotely.

In the state court system, those with symptoms of COVID-19 and those who may have been exposed to the coronavirus are not allowed to enter any courthouse. The Utah Supreme Court directed state court judges to grant motions for extensions of time liberally. Hearings will be conducted remotely or on the papers, "absent exigent circumstances," according to the state Supreme Court's order. District Court and Justice Court judges were directed to suspend all criminal and civil jury trials until after June 1.

Vermont
In the District of Vermont, anyone in public spaces of the courthouse must wear a mask. At individual judges' discretion, in-person hearings in criminal and civil cases may resume on a limited basis in Burlington after May 25 and in Rutland after June 8. Remote hearings will be conducted as often as possible. No civil or criminal trials will be scheduled before Sept. 1, except as ordered by the presiding judge in a particular case.

In the state court system, all nonemergency Superior Court hearings, including jury trials, are postponed until at least May 31. The courts will only schedule and hear certain emergency matters. Parties may participate in nonevidentiary proceedings remotely.

Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering state courthouses.

Virginia
In the Eastern District of Virginia, all civil and criminal in-person proceedings scheduled to occur through June 10 — including trials and naturalization ceremonies — are postponed, with the exception of emergency proceedings.

In the Western District of Virginia, all in-person civil, criminal and bankruptcy proceedings scheduled on or before June 10 are postponed and will be rescheduled at a later date. All civil and criminal jury trials scheduled on or before June 10 are postponed and will be rescheduled. All misdemeanor, traffic and petty offense dockets on or before June 10 are postponed, and all Veterans Treatment Court, Reentry Court and Drug Treatment Court sessions on or before June 10 are canceled.

In the state court system, the Virginia Supreme Court and Rose Lafoon Building in Richmond are closed to the public until further notice. The Court of Appeals will conduct arguments remotely at least through June 30.

Washington
In the Western District of Washington, all in-person civil and criminal hearings and trial dates scheduled to occur before Aug. 3 are postponed until further notice. Individual judges may decide to proceed with remote conferences as appropriate. All grand jury proceedings scheduled before Aug. 3 are postponed. All initial criminal appearances and detention hearings will be conducted remotely with the defendant's permission, unless the court directs otherwise. The bankruptcy court will continue with scheduled nonevidentiary hearings by telephone as posted on www.wawb.uscourts.gov and announced by the individual bankruptcy judge.

In the Eastern District of Washington, grand jury sessions through May 31 are vacated. The period from May 11 through May 31 is excluded from speedy trial calculations in pending criminal cases. Attendees of in-court proceedings are encouraged to wear masks, practice social distancing and follow public health advisories.

In the state court system, all civil jury trials are suspended until at least July 6. Trials already in session may proceed or may be postponed to a later date at the discretion of the judge or by agreement of the parties. Nonemergency civil matters may be postponed until after June 1. All criminal jury trials are postponed until at least July 6. Criminal trials already in session with sworn juries may proceed if public health measures are strictly observed, but may be postponed if the defendant agrees to do so.

Washington, D.C.
In the District Court for the District of Columbia, all civil and criminal jury selections and jury trials set to start before June 11 are postponed until further notice, as are grand jury proceedings. Other civil, criminal and bankruptcy proceedings scheduled to occur before June 1 are postponed unless they are held remotely. Statutes of limitation are unaffected.

The D.C. Superior Court has only four courtrooms operating to hear adult arraignments and presentments, family court emergencies, neglect and juvenile initial hearings, criminal and domestic violence emergencies, and civil, probate and tax emergencies. Most of the hearings are conducted remotely.

The D.C. Court of Appeals has no oral arguments through May 31 but will be handling emergency matters.

The Court of Federal Claims has prohibited public access to the Howard T. Markey National Courts Building and connecting buildings except on days when a court proceeding is scheduled. On those days, public access is limited to certain parties. Individuals must submit case filings either through the U.S. Postal Service or by deposit in the court's night box, which is located at the garage entrance on H Street NW between 15th Street and Madison Place. Pro se plaintiffs may also file documents via email to ProSe_case_filings@cfc.uscourts.gov.

The U.S. Tax Court building is closed until further notice.

West Virginia
In the Northern District of West Virginia, those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any courthouse. Grand jury sessions scheduled on or before June 30 are suspended, with an exception for special grand jury sessions. The period from April 17 through June 30 can be excluded from speedy trial calculations.

In the Southern District of West Virginia, all jury selections and trials scheduled to start before May 31 are postponed. All other in-person proceedings scheduled to occur before May 31 are postponed. The court is closed to the general public but open for certain emergency matters. Those who tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any courthouse.

In the state court system, all in-person proceedings and court deadlines are stayed through May 15, except for certain emergency proceedings. Deadlines set to expire between March 23 and May 15, including statutes of limitation, are extended to May 18. In-person proceedings may resume on or after May 18. Grand jury proceedings may resume on or after June 15, and jury trials may commence on or after June 29. The court is still permitting and encouraging remote proceedings where appropriate.

Wisconsin
In the Eastern District of Wisconsin, all civil and criminal jury trials scheduled to begin before June 1 are postponed and will be rescheduled for a later date. All petty offense, reentry court and grand jury proceedings are also postponed. Civil hearings should be conducted remotely. Naturalization ceremonies scheduled before June 1 are canceled. Those who are experiencing COVID-19 symptoms or may have come into contact with the virus are prohibited from visiting any courthouse.

In the Western District of Wisconsin, jury trials are suspended through June 30. The court expects all pretrial deadlines to remain in place. Some in-person criminal proceedings may be held at the Robert W. Kastenmeier Courthouse in Madison, if necessary.

In the state court system, deadlines set to expire between March 23 and May 15, including statutes of limitation, were extended to May 18. In-person proceedings may resume on or after May 18. Grand jury proceedings may resume on or after June 15, and jury trials may commence on or after June 29. The court is still permitting and encouraging remote proceedings where appropriate.

Wyoming
In the District of Wyoming, judges are conducting matters remotely where possible. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus — including those who have recently visited Iran, China, South Korea or a host of European countries — are prohibited from entering the courthouse.

In the state court system, all District and Circuit courts have suspended in-person proceedings, as well as the state Supreme Court, have suspended in-person proceedings until May 31, with certain exceptions. The Wyoming Supreme Court ordered that all civil trials in state courts be rescheduled and that the courts make reasonable attempts to reschedule criminal trials. The Wyoming Supreme Court building in Cheyenne is closed to the public. The rules requiring paper copies of documents that can be filed electronically are suspended in the Wyoming Supreme Court.

Immigration Courts


The U.S. Department of Justice's Executive Office for Immigration Review has postponed all immigration court hearings for immigrants who aren't in detention through June 12, although hearings on the docket for detainees are continuing. Hearings for migrants in the "Remain in Mexico" program scheduled through June 19 have also been postponed.

Two courts in California and Kentucky remain fully closed.

Filings for the Otay Mesa, California, immigration court can be submitted to the San Diego court. The Louisville, Kentucky, immigration court has been closed since August for reasons unrelated to the virus, but filers can submit to the Memphis, Tennessee, immigration court. Filings in closed courts may also be submitted by email, EOIR announced on March 31.

These 20 courts are fully open: Adelanto, California; Batavia, New York; Detroit; Elizabeth, New Jersey; El Paso, Texas, Service Processing Center; Falls Church, Virginia, Immigration Adjudication Center; Fishkill, New York; Florence, Arizona; Fort Worth, Texas; LaSalle, Louisiana; New Orleans; Oakdale, Louisiana; Otera, New Mexico; Pearsall, Texas; Port Isabel, Texas; Stewart, Georgia; Tacoma, Washington; Tucson, Arizona; Ulster, New York; and York, Pennsylvania.

The remainder of immigration courts have been kept partially open, and in some cases reopened, for the limited purpose of accepting filings, and if applicable, holding hearings for detained immigrants.

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office


All examiner and examining attorney interviews, Patent Trial and Appeal Board and Trademark Trial and Appeal Board oral hearings and other similar in-person meetings scheduled to take place at USPTO offices on or after March 13 will be conducted remotely by video or telephone until further notice.

--Additional reporting by Stewart Bishop, Dorothy Atkins, Suzanne Monyak, Matt Chiappardi and Melissa Lipman. Editing by Jill Coffey.

Correction: A previous version of this story included incorrect information for the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals. The error has been corrected.

For a reprint of this article, please contact reprints@law360.com.

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