Coronavirus: The Latest Court Closures And Restrictions

By Sarah Jarvis
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Law360 (March 12, 2020, 11:19 PM EDT) -- UPDATED May 12, 2021, 7:35 PM EDT | As courts across the country take measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, some are restricting access and altering their procedures. Click state or court to jump to section. 
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Federal Appeals Courts


Federal District Courts and State Courts


Other Courts


This list will be updated with new information weekly. Latest updates include the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals, Missouri, New Jersey, Puerto Rico and Texas.

Click to view interactive version


Federal Appeals Courts


U.S. Supreme Court

The court closed to tourists on March 12, 2020, until further notice, but the building remains open for official business. 

The deadline to file any petition for a writ of certiorari due on or after March 19, 2020, is extended to 150 days from the date of the lower court judgment, order denying discretionary review, or order denying a timely petition for rehearing. The court said this is the maximum extension allowed, so it will not docket extension requests with respect to cert petitions covered by that order. The court said it will generally grant motions for time extensions if parties have difficulties related to the coronavirus.

Federal Circuit Court of Appeals

In-person arguments are suspended until further notice. All existing deadlines in cases are still in effect. All requirements to provide paper copies of documents submitted electronically are suspended for all documents filed on or after March 2, 2020, until further notice. Pro se parties are permitted to submit case-initiating documents by fax or email.

The public is prohibited from entering the National Courts Building complex unless preauthorized by court staff and only as necessary to conduct or support essential court functions, effective March 16, 2020. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or had possible exposure to the virus are prohibited from entering the courthouse.

Requests for building access will be handled on a case-by-case basis when submitted in writing at least 24 hours in advance. Requests can be submitted to the Circuit Executive's Office at FSO_helpdesk@cafc.uscourts.gov.

D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals

The Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit has expanded courthouse access due to a gradual resumption of jury trials.

The court is allowing access for judges, court staff, media, visitors with official business and a limited number of members of the public who may view live video streams of trials from a dedicated location in the courthouse. The court asked that those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have had contact with someone who has been exposed to the virus, been asked to self-quarantine or are experiencing flu-like symptoms not enter the courthouse. Pro se litigants may email filings to ProSeFilings@cadc.uscourts.gov as PDF files and should not send duplicate paper copies to the court. Individuals who enter the courthouse or annex must have a face mask covering their nose and mouth.

First Circuit Court of Appeals

The clerk's office will not accept in-person case filings at its intake window until further notice. Those filing paper documents can use the drop box located by the main entrance on the first floor of the John Joseph Moakley U.S. Courthouse in Boston. The court has temporarily suspended a requirement that appendices to briefs must be filed only in paper form. Appendices should be filed electronically, and after an appendix is accepted for filing, the court may set a deadline for paper copies.

The court will hold oral arguments by videoconference during its May 2021 session with live audio access through YouTube.

Second Circuit Court of Appeals

The court will hear all oral arguments through teleconference. As of July 1, 2020, the court resumed requiring that parties file paper copies of briefs, appendices and documents over 50 pages.

Those who do not have business with the court will not be admitted until further notice.

Lawyers or pro se parties scheduled to argue before the court should contact the clerk of court if they: visited or have been in contact with someone who was in China, Iran, Italy, Japan or South Korea in the past two weeks, have been asked to self-quarantine, have tested positive for the coronavirus or have been in contact with someone who has tested positive, or if they have a verifiable health condition.

Third Circuit Court of Appeals

Oral arguments will continue as scheduled pending further order of the court. The merits panel will determine the manner of argument. Parties may file a motion requesting to appear by audio conference. The majority of staff in the clerk's office will be working remotely. The three-day time limit for requesting extensions is relaxed until the clerk's office resumes normal operations. The filing of paper copies of briefs and appendices resumed for documents filed on Oct. 1, 2020, and later.

Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals

The court temporarily suspended its oral argument requirement for published opinions. 

The Powell Courthouse in Richmond, Virginia, is closed to the public. Papers may be filed in the courthouse lobby, but individuals who have tested positive for the coronavirus, those with symptoms of COVID-19 and those who may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering the building. People in the courthouse complex must wear a face mask and practice social distancing.

Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals

The court has directed parties to file certain highly sensitive documents in paper format. The clerk's office is closed to the public, but those filing paper documents can mail them to the clerk's office or deposit them in a drop box outside the office at 600 S. Maestri Place in New Orleans. Extensions with justification may be requested from the clerk's office. Oral arguments may be conducted remotely, and the public may listen to an audio feed of proceedings using links on the court's website.

Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals

All nonessential court functions are postponed until further notice. Judges, parties, attorneys and some court staff are allowed to appear via videoconference. The court will livestream audio of oral conferences as of July 28, 2020. The requirement that pro se litigants file exclusively in paper format is suspended through June 1, 2021. Those litigants may email PDF documents to CA06_Temporary_Pro_Se_Efiling@ca6.uscourts.gov.

Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or come into contact with someone who has tested positive are barred from entering any courtroom. That restriction also applies to those who have been asked to self-quarantine, are exhibiting cold or flu symptoms, have visited Italy, Iran, China or South Korea in the past two weeks, or have had close contact with someone who has visited those countries in the past two weeks.

Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals

All cases scheduled for oral argument through June 30, 2021, will be argued remotely. Audio from oral arguments will be livestreamed on YouTube. The courtroom in Chicago will be closed to the public, and the court is operating with reduced staff. Arguments will be recorded and posted on the court's website. If all parties agree among themselves to waive oral argument, they may jointly file a motion with the court seeking permission to do so.

Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals

The public is not being admitted to the Eighth Circuit clerk's office. Those who come to the Burger Courthouse in St. Paul, Minnesota, or the Eagleton Courthouse in St. Louis to file may leave their documents at the front door to the office. Oral argument sessions scheduled for May 10-14 and June 14-18, 2021, will be conducted by videoconference.

Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals

Ninth Circuit courthouses are closed to the public during noncourt weeks until further notice. The court is evaluating scheduled arguments and will give orders to the cases individually. Panels may exercise their discretion to submit cases without argument, postpone argument to a later date or hold argument via telephone or video. Arguments will be livestreamed for the public.

Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals

The Tenth Circuit's sole courthouse, which is in Denver, reopened to the general public on July 1, 2020. The requirement for parties to submit paper copies of briefs, appendices and petitions for rehearing en banc has been reinstated. Court employees are encouraged to work remotely. Individuals who have experienced COVID-19 symptoms in the past two weeks or may have come into contact with the virus are not permitted inside. The courthouse also requires face masks and social distancing, and everyone must keep track of where they go in the courthouse and whom they encounter for contact tracing.

Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals

In the Eleventh Circuit, only judges, court staff, members of the media and visitors with official business with the court will be allowed into the two Eleventh Circuit buildings. Paper filing requirements are temporarily waived. Panels can hear oral arguments remotely, and those hearings will be livestreamed for the public when feasible. Recordings of oral arguments will also be available on the court's website. Anyone who is experiencing flu-like symptoms or who has had a known contact with a person who tested positive for the coronavirus will not be allowed inside. 

Federal District Courts and State Courts


Alabama

In the Northern District of Alabama, district and magistrate judges shall determine when it is appropriate to conduct in-person hearings on a case-by-case basis. Hearings will be conducted remotely through the coronavirus national emergency unless it is necessary for them to be held in-person. The district is prohibiting those who have tested positive for the coronavirus and those who may have been exposed to the virus from entering its courthouses. Also prohibited are those who have visited China, Italy, Japan, Iran or South Korea in the past two weeks.

In the Middle District of Alabama, initial appearances, arraignments and detention hearings before the magistrate judges will continue remotely. Any proceedings that can't be conducted remotely will be coordinated with the duty magistrate judge.

Access to the Montgomery, Dothan and Opelika courthouses is restricted to judges, court staff, members of the media and visitors with official court business. 

The Middle District is prohibiting those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, those with symptoms, those who have been asked to self-quarantine and those who may have been exposed to the virus from entering its courthouses. Face masks are required for courthouse entry.

The Southern District of Alabama is prohibiting those who have tested positive for the coronavirus and those who may have been exposed to the virus from entering its courthouses. Also prohibited are those who have visited Europe, China, Italy, Iran or South Korea in the past two weeks. Everyone must wear a mask while on the courthouse premises, and everyone will be required to submit to COVID-19 screening before being allowed to enter the courthouse, starting May 18, 2020.

In the state court system, in-person hearings in the circuit, district, juvenile, municipal and probate courts may proceed at the discretion of the presiding circuit judge.

Alaska

In the District of Alaska, parties were instructed they should be prepared for criminal and civil jury trials to resume on a limited basis as of May 3, 2021. Most hearings will be held by telephone.

Everyone over the age of 2 must wear a face mask in public areas of the courthouses. Those who have COVID-19 symptoms, have tested positive for the virus, have been asked to quarantine in the past two weeks or have had close contact with someone who has tested positive in the last two weeks are prohibited from entering the district's courthouses.

In Alaska's state court system, misdemeanor jury trials may resume as of April 19, 2021, and class B and class C felony trials may resume as of June 1. Class A and unclassified felony jury trials are generally suspended until at least July 6. In-person grand jury proceedings were allowed to resume as of Feb. 8. In-person civil jury trials are suspended until at least Sept. 7. A presiding judge may allow an in-person jury trial in exceptional circumstances.


Arizona 

In the District of Arizona, criminal and civil jury trials in Phoenix and Tucson may be scheduled and resume as of March 1, 2021. Limited naturalization ceremonies may take place. All grand jury proceedings in Phoenix and Tucson may resume as of the week of March 22. The customer service counters in the clerk's offices in Phoenix, Tucson and Yuma reopened to the public on May 3. Certain court proceedings in Yuma that involve fewer than 10 people may resume if necessary. All Flagstaff jury trials are postponed until further notice. Members of the public admitted to the courtroom will be limited to no more than two people in the public seating area at any time. Those exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19 are not allowed to enter courthouses. Masks must be worn to enter district courthouses.

In the state court system, all courts were permitted to begin transitioning to in-person proceedings on June 1, 2020. Presiding Superior Court judges will determine how to conduct in-person proceedings. Proceedings in all Arizona Appellate, Superior, Justice, Juvenile and Municipal courts and before the presiding disciplinary judge may be held remotely.

Arkansas

In the Eastern District of Arkansas, civil and criminal jury trials and bench trials scheduled between March 23, 2021, and May 21, 2021, are generally postponed to a later date to be set by the presiding judge. But judges may reinstate a trial to the docket during that time at their discretion. All other civil proceedings will be held remotely unless the judge determines otherwise.

In the Western District of Arkansas, civil and criminal bench and jury trials scheduled to begin before Sept. 8, 2020, were postponed until further notice. Everyone over the age of 10 must wear a face mask in public areas of the courthouse.

In the state court system, jury trials may resume as of May 1, 2021. Civil and criminal matters will take place remotely or in person, as determined by the presiding judge. Criminal courts were ordered to review their dockets for criminal cases that are outstanding for more than 12 months where the defendant either did not receive bond or has not met bond and evaluate whether there is any reason to reconsider bond.

California

In the Southern District of California, criminal jury trials and other criminal proceedings may resume in person as of March 8, 2021. Only short criminal trials will be conducted until June 1. Bench trials in civil cases may resume in person as of March 8, but civil jury trials are postponed until June 1. Grand jury proceedings were allowed to begin as of Feb. 8.

In the Eastern District of California, all courthouses are closed to the public. Only those with official court business or building tenants with official business may enter courthouse property. Face masks are required in common areas of courthouses. The court will not call in jurors for service in criminal or civil jury trials until further notice. All civil matters will be decided on the papers or handled through remote hearings. Pro se parties in civil and bankruptcy matters are encouraged to file documents by mail. If they are unable to do so, they may file at drop boxes in the entrances of the Sacramento, Fresno and Modesto courthouses. Criminal matters may be postponed or held remotely at the judge's discretion. Face masks are required in public areas of courthouses except for those under age 2, those with medical conditions and those who are unable to remove a face mask by themselves.

In the Central District of California, no jury trials will be conducted until further notice as of Feb. 1, 2021. Judges may opt to have civil bench trials held by videoconference instead of postponement. Grand jury proceedings may resume. All appearances in civil cases will be remote. Hearings in any criminal matter may proceed in court, with safety measures, when the defendant does not consent to appear remotely.

In the Northern District of California, certain proceedings may be held remotely. Building access is limited, and authorized visitors must follow self-screening and other safety protocols. All local rules requiring that courtesy copies be provided to the chambers of the assigned judge are suspended until further notice unless a judge orders otherwise in a specific case. The submission of paper filings is strongly discouraged.

In the state court system, all Los Angeles County Superior Court judges are required to wear face masks in public areas inside courthouses. The L.A. Superior Court extended the time period for the holding of a criminal trial by 30 days for cases whose deadline would expire between April 24 and May 21, 2021. Courthouse access is restricted to certain authorized individuals, including staff, jurors, vendors, attorneys, litigants and those with confirmed appointments. Face coverings are required while in a courthouse.

The California Supreme Court suspended in-person oral argument sessions until further notice. Counsel will only appear remotely. All oral argument sessions will be held in the court's San Francisco headquarters courtroom with limited seating and counsel appearing remotely.

Colorado

In the District of Colorado, civil and criminal trials are postponed until further notice, although jury trials with fewer than 10 jurors and in-person bench trials may proceed. Central Violations Bureau calendars may resume with social distancing. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or may have been exposed to it are prohibited from entering any courthouse. Starting June 22, 2020, those entering courthouses are required to wear a face mask. Naturalization ceremonies scheduled after June 19, 2020, will proceed on a limited basis and with social distancing.

In the state court system, no one will be summoned for jury service without the authorization of the chief judge of the judicial district, who will determine if the jury pool can safely assemble.

Connecticut

In the District of Connecticut, judges may schedule jury selections and jury trials, with priority given to short criminal jury trials involving defendants who have been detained the longest. All participants in in-court proceedings must wear masks, unless otherwise ordered by the judge. Those who have experienced COVID-19 symptoms in the last 21 days are prohibited from entering the courthouse, as are those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or have come into contact with someone who has tested positive in the last 21 days. Clerk's offices are open to the public with restrictions.

All scheduled hearings and conferences in the district's bankruptcy court will be conducted by telephone, unless the matter is withdrawn, resolved, postponed or the court determines the proceeding is not necessary.

In the state court system, all jury service is suspended until May 31, 2021. Some courts have remained open through the pandemic while others have closed. Courthouses in New Haven, Waterford and Willimantic are open to the public. Face masks must be worn to enter state courthouses.

Delaware

In the District of Delaware, individual judges may conduct criminal and civil jury trials, sentencings, change of plea hearings and bench trials at their discretion. Impaneled grand juries were allowed to resume meeting as of May 27, 2020.

Attorneys are asked to inform the appropriate court if they have appeared in court and have since developed symptoms or tested positive for the coronavirus and to inform the courts about any scheduled proceedings that will require the attendance of a person who has tested positive for coronavirus or has been in contact in the past 14 days with a person who has tested positive for coronavirus. Face masks are required in common areas of the district court and bankruptcy court.

Also, the courts will conduct conferences and hearings by phone when possible and will consider any request to change a scheduled in-person proceeding to a telephone proceeding.

In the Delaware Bankruptcy Court, in-person court hearings will be held at the judge's discretion, limited to critical cases only. Remote hearings are encouraged when possible.

The state judiciary began a "soft opening" on June 8, 2020, allowing attorneys and some other professionals with court business to return to court buildings. Protocols including entrance screening, a face mask requirement and social distancing are in place. The judiciary entered Phase 2 of its reopening in November, 2020, limiting building occupancy to 50%. Under Phase 2, no more than 10 visitors are allowed in a courtroom, grand jury proceedings and proceedings involving nonincarcerated individuals may resume, and jury trials are on hold.

Florida

In the Southern District of Florida, anyone entering a court facility must wear a face mask and adhere to social distancing guidelines. All jury trials scheduled to begin on or after March 30, 2020, are postponed until July 6, 2021, excluding preselected pilot jury trials. Trial-specific deadlines in criminal cases scheduled to begin before July 6 are postponed until further order of the court, and judges may continue those deadlines for civil cases at their discretion. Two grand juries per week were permitted to resume sessions as of Nov. 16, 2020. Judges may hold hearings, conferences and bench trials at their discretion and are encouraged to do so remotely. Criminal matters before magistrate judges will continue to take place as usual. All naturalization ceremonies will be held remotely. Those with symptoms or who have had contact with someone who was exposed to COVID-19 or tested positive for COVID-19 should not enter the courthouse.

In the Middle District of Florida, those with symptoms of COVID-19 and those who may have been exposed to the coronavirus are prohibited from entering any courthouse. A face mask is required for entry at courthouses in all the district's divisions. Some proceedings may be conducted remotely.

In the Northern District of Florida, the U.S. Courthouse and the Winston E. Arnow Federal Building in the Pensacola Division of the court have reopened to the public. Everyone entering a courthouse in the district must wear a face mask, except for children under age 2 and those with a medical condition that precludes them from wearing a face mask. Hearings may be held remotely.

In the state court system, some Circuit courts have temporarily suspended in-person jury proceedings while others are temporarily limiting the number of trials that can proceed. Courts in Jacksonville, Daytona, Orlando, Miami-Dade County and Fort Myers are participating in a pilot program for remote civil jury trials.

Georgia

In the Northern District of Georgia, jurors may be summoned for jury trials to take place as of May 3, 2021, and grand jury proceedings may continue. Courthouses are open, with social distancing and face mask requirements. Those who have symptoms, have been asked to self-quarantine or have come into close contact with someone who has tested positive for the virus in the past two weeks are prohibited from entering courthouses.

In the Middle District of Georgia, the court lifted a jury trial moratorium on April 30, 2021. Grand juries were not affected by the moratorium. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any courthouse. The clerk's office is closed for in-person business, and face masks are required in public areas of courthouses.

In the Southern District of Georgia, only those with official court business will be admitted into the courthouse. Those who have symptoms of COVID-19, have tested positive for the coronavirus or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering the building. Grand juries will continue to meet. Criminal matters before magistrate judges will continue to take place as usual.

In the state court system, trial courts may resume jury trials at their discretion and as local conditions allow. Grand jury proceedings may resume in person or remotely. Statutory deadlines based on indictments and jury trials remain suspended and tolled. All other deadlines were reimposed in July 2020. All courts are encouraged to conduct proceedings remotely.

Guam

In the District of Guam, courthouse access is limited to employees, building tenants, bar members, public and media attending scheduled proceedings, impaneled federal grand jurors, clerk's office filers and those with appointments. Everyone over the age of 2 is required to wear a face covering in all public areas of the courthouse and adhere to social distancing measures. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are not permitted to enter the court.

Hawaii

In the District of Hawaii, the courthouse is open only for in-person court hearings and trials. The court is trying to minimize traffic in the courthouse by conducting proceedings remotely. The court has face mask and social distancing requirements in place. Those who may have been exposed to COVID-19 or have symptoms are prohibited from entering the courthouse.

In the state court system, jury trials were postponed in the First Circuit through Dec. 11, 2020, unless otherwise ordered by that circuit's chief judge. Jury trials in the Second, Third and Fifth circuits were allowed to resume as of Nov. 16, 2020. Grand jury proceedings were allowed to resume as of June 1, 2020. Proceedings may be held remotely in the circuit courts, and oral arguments in the Intermediate Court of Appeals and the Hawaii Supreme Court will continue to be heard remotely. Individuals who have symptoms or may have been exposed to the coronavirus are prohibited from entering judicial facilities. Face coverings are required in judicial facilities.

Idaho

In the District of Idaho, jury trials may resume as of March 1, 2021. All in-person hearings will be limited to 50 people or less in the courtroom. Hearings may still be conducted virtually. All visitors are required to wear masks in courthouses. Those with symptoms of COVID-19 and those who may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from coming to court.

In the state court system, jury trials and the impaneling of grand juries were allowed to resume as of March 1, 2021.

Illinois

In the Northern District of Illinois, civil and criminal jury trials were suspended were suspended until April 5, 2021. All hearings will be conducted remotely unless an in-person hearing is required by law. The court suspended its prohibition on pro se litigants emailing their filings to the clerk's office. Public gatherings at both courthouses are suspended until further notice unless authorized by the chief judge. Grand juries will continue to meet.

In the Central District of Illinois, jury trials may resume as of March 23, 2021. Face masks are required for entry into the district's courthouses.

In the Southern District of Illinois, civil jury trials were allowed to resume as of March 1, 2021, and criminal jury trials as of April 12. Bench trials were allowed to resume as of Feb. 12. Courthouses are open, but public access is restricted. All bankruptcy hearings will be held by telephone unless the presiding judge determines otherwise. Face masks are required in public areas of courthouses. Those who have tested positive for COVID-19 in the past two weeks, have had contact with someone who tested positive, have been asked to self-quarantine or have symptoms are prohibited from entering courthouses. Grand juries will continue to meet. The court will not conduct naturalization ceremonies until June 1.

In the state court system, face masks must be worn to enter any courthouse. Court operations vary by district, and information on specific circuits can be found here. On Sept. 1, 2020, the Illinois Supreme Court issued a temporary order limiting in-person appearances through changes to fee waiver applications and summonses. Details can be found here.

Indiana

In the Southern District of Indiana, in-person jury trials may take place, and clerk's offices are open to the public. Proceedings may take place remotely. Face masks are required for anyone entering a courthouse. The court will continue to accept filings from pro se litigants via email.

In the Northern District of Indiana, jury trials resumed and clerk's offices reopened to the public on March 1, 2021. Certain criminal proceedings may take place in person or remotely. The presiding judge will determine whether to conduct felony pleas and felony sentencings in person or not. Those who have tested positive for COVID-19, have symptoms or have had close contact in the last two weeks with someone who may have the virus will be denied courthouse access.

In the state court system, individual trial courts have their own plans to expand court operations, available here

In the Indiana Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals of Indiana, in-person filing through the rotunda drop box is suspended until further notice. Parties can file motions for an extension of time if they can't make certain filing deadlines.

Iowa

In the Northern District of Iowa, jury trials can be conducted as of June 1, 2020, but the presiding judge will consider postponement motions filed by any party. Grand jury proceedings scheduled for after May 11, 2020, will proceed as scheduled.

Those who have been diagnosed with COVID-19 are prohibited from entering the courthouse, as are those who have been asked to self-quarantine, those experiencing symptoms, and those who may have been exposed to the virus. There is a face mask requirement for common areas of the courthouses in Sioux City and Cedar Rapids.

In the Southern District of Iowa, civil and criminal jury trials have resumed. Anyone over the age of 2 must wear a face mask to enter the courthouse.

In the state court system, parties are encouraged to conduct civil court business other than jury trials by using videoconference or telephone. Judicial districts can schedule in-person hearings and trials with safety protocols. District courts may conduct any nonjury trial remotely with the parties' consent. Face masks are required in court-controlled areas.

The Iowa Supreme Court ordered that attorneys and parties notify their opposing counsel and appropriate clerk of court's office if they suspect a participant in any proceeding has an elevated risk of transmitting the novel coronavirus. No one who has an elevated risk can attend any state court proceeding in person without court authorization. Attorneys must also ask their clients and witnesses whether they have an elevated risk of transmission, the order said.

The court said it will also promptly consider requests from parties to change in-person proceedings to remote proceedings.

Kansas

In the District of Kansas, presiding judges may conduct in-person hearings and trials as of April 1, 2021. Judges are encouraged to use video and teleconferencing in criminal and civil hearings.

In the state court system, in-person jury proceedings may be held if certain conditions are met. Courts were ordered to expand the use of remote hearings as much as possible to reduce backlog. Certain deadlines and statutes of limitation are suspended. Individuals with symptoms and those who may have recently had close contact with someone who tested positive for COVID-19 are prohibited from entering the courthouse. Face masks are required in public areas of the courthouse and at court proceedings held outdoors.

Kentucky

In the Eastern District of Kentucky, civil and criminal trials set to begin March 16 through May 16, 2021, are generally postponed. Criminal matters scheduled before magistrate judges will continue to take place and may be conducted remotely. Grand juries will continue to meet.

In the Western District of Kentucky, jury trials scheduled to begin on or before April 2, 2021, were postponed. All trial-specific deadlines in criminal cases scheduled for trial on or before April 2 were postponed, and individual judges may postpone trial-specific deadlines in civil cases at their discretion. Grand jury proceedings were postponed through April 2, although certain grand jury proceedings were allowed to go forward in February due to exceptional circumstances. Judges may conduct hearings remotely.

In the state court system, judges may schedule individual cases for in-person hearings as of May 1, 2021. Jury trials may resume after that date. Grand juries were allowed to proceed as of April 1.

Louisiana

In the Eastern District of Louisiana, all civil and criminal jury trials are postponed until June 7, 2021, and will be rescheduled by each presiding judge. The postponements do not include deadlines other than the trial dates.

The court is prohibiting those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, those who have come into contact with someone who has tested positive, those who have been asked to self-quarantine and those with symptoms of COVID-19 from entering the courthouse or any offices occupied in the Hale Boggs Federal Building in New Orleans.

In the Middle District of Louisiana, jury trials and in-court proceedings may resume, with scheduling left to the presiding judge's discretion. Judges may conduct all or part of any proceeding remotely. Grand jury proceedings may resume with mask wearing, social distancing and staggered building entrance times. Masks and social distancing are required in the Russell B. Long Courthouse and Federal Building.

In the Western District of Louisiana, jury trials, bench trials, hearings, conferences and other proceedings are subject to the discretion of the trial judge as of April 5, 2021. Public access to clerk of court offices may resume on July 6, 2021. Naturalization ceremonies and other noncase-specific events are canceled until July 6. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from courthouses.

In the state court system, courts may resume jury trials as of April 1, 2021, when they have determined that such trials can be held safely with social distancing and mask mandates.

Maine

In the District of Maine, in-court hearings and nonjury trials may resume as of April 1, 2021, if found necessary in the interests of justice. Civil jury trials are postponed until the July 2021 jury term, and criminal jury trials are postponed until the August 2021 jury term.

Public access to scheduled hearings will be permitted only with the prior permission of the presiding judge. The clerk's office will be open by appointment only. In-person court proceedings are limited to, among other things, certain criminal matters; the issuance of search warrants; motions seeking immediate, emergency relief; and essential administrative functions.

In the state court system, court operations will be governed by the judicial branch's COVID-19 management plan. Certain documents may be filed via email, and face masks are required in courthouses.

Maryland

In the District of Maryland, the court entered Phase 3 of its recovery plan on March 1, 2021. Under that phase, the court may conduct some jury trials with safety precautions, and it will continue to conduct some proceedings virtually, as determined by the presiding judge. The clerk's office front counters reopened to the public on March 8, 2021. Those who have tested positive for COVID-19, have symptoms or have recently come into contact with someone who has the virus are prohibited from entering the district's courthouses and probation offices without the express permission of the chief judge.

The requirement to deliver paper courtesy copies to the clerk's office for all First Step Act cases when the filings are 15 pages or more is temporarily suspended unless otherwise ordered by a presiding judge. Everyone must wear masks to enter any district courthouse. Those who have tested positive for COVID-19, have symptoms or have recently come into contact with someone who has the virus are prohibited from entering the district's courthouses and probation offices.

Courthouse access is limited to litigants with scheduled proceedings, counsel, investigators or employees of counsel and credentialed press. 

In the state court system, courts are in Phase 5 of their five-phase reopening plan, which includes full operations and jury trials. The courts continue to require social distancing and other health measures.

Massachusetts

In the District of Massachusetts, certain in-person, nonjury proceedings were allowed to take place as of July 15, 2020. Proceedings may also be conducted remotely. Face masks must be worn to enter the Harold D. Donohue Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in Worcester.

Those who have had close contact with someone positive for COVID-19, have been diagnosed with the virus  or have been instructed by a doctor to self-quarantine are prohibited from visiting courthouses.

In the state court system, a phased resumption of jury trials began on Jan. 11, 2021. Courts will operate with no more than 50% of staff working in a court department or office through May. Some jury trials resumed in March, limited to six-person juries.

Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any state courthouse.

Michigan

In the Eastern District of Michigan, jury trials may not restart until further notice. Oral arguments, pretrial conferences and settlement conferences in civil cases will be held remotely until further notice, and a variety of criminal proceedings may also be held remotely. Grand jury proceedings will proceed only when necessary and with the approval of the chief judge. Courthouses are closed to the public until further notice, and only those with official court business may enter. The clerk's office intake windows remain closed and in-person pro se filings are suspended. Mass public gatherings are suspended, and naturalization ceremonies will be held at the U.S. Customs and Immigration Services building in Detroit. Face masks are required for anyone entering a courthouse.

In the Western District of Michigan, regular in-person hearings resumed on May 18, 2020, although each judge continues to assess what matters can be postponed or handled remotely on a case-by-case basis. The court recommends the use of a face covering in a court facility. Those who are sick, have symptoms or have had contact with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19 in the past two weeks should not enter a court building.

In the state court system, trial courts are limiting courtroom access to no more than 10 people at a time, including staff. The courts are practicing social distancing and limiting court activity to essential functions. Judges are required to make a good faith effort to conduct remote proceedings whenever possible.

Minnesota

In the District of Minnesota, criminal jury and bench trials may resume as of May 3, 2021. Other in-person criminal proceedings may also take place. In-person civil jury trials will resume as courtroom space becomes available, and all criminal and civil jury trial-specific deadlines may be postponed by the presiding judge. The clerk's office is open during normal business hours, although cash payments are not accepted.

In the state court system, in-person criminal jury trials may take place. No in-person civil jury trials will start before June 14, 2021, unless exceptions are granted by the chief judge and chief justice. All hearings will be conducted remotely as much as possible. At least one public service counter must be open in each county and appellate court during normal business hours. No new grand juries will be impaneled before June 14  unless the chief judge grants an exception.

Mississippi

In the Northern District of Mississippi, all proceedings should be conducted remotely where possible. The court released protocols for reopening courthouses and resuming normal operations, including temperature checks and a health questionnaire for jurors, attorneys and the general public.

In the Southern District of Mississippi, the court will schedule short jury trials in single-defendant criminal cases during May 2021. The court will begin setting longer trials and those with multiple defendants in June, if conditions allow. All civil jury trials are postponed unless the judge orders otherwise. In-court proceedings may go forward at the presiding judge's discretion, though the court encourages judges and counsel to use remote proceedings whenever possible. Grand juries may continue.

In the state court system, counties with two or fewer reported COVID-19 deaths may send jury summonses. The state Supreme Court urged limiting in-person courthouse contact through the use of electronic filing, teleconferencing and videoconferencing.

Missouri

In the Eastern District of Missouri, a limited number of in-person proceedings and jury trials may proceed with COVID-19 protocols in place. Cases may also proceed remotely. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from visiting any courthouse.

In the Western District of Missouri, the court has scheduled in-person jury trials for late May and June. Criminal matters before magistrate judges will continue. Judges will determine whether to hold nonemergency criminal and civil hearings, conferences and bench trials in person or remotely, per a February order.

In the state court system, limited in-person court activity may resume starting May 16, 2020, although courts will have to meet certain criteria to begin opening.

Montana

In the District of Montana, courthouses are open with limited public access. Civil and criminal hearings may proceed remotely or in-person, depending on the judge's preference, as long as social distancing requirements can be met. Everyone over the age of 12 must wear a mask in public areas of federal court facilities.

In the state court system, courts may hold proceedings remotely and are encouraged to implement physical distancing measures and face mask requirements.

Nebraska

In the District of Nebraska, jury trials may start as of Feb. 16, 2021. Those who have tested positive for COVID-19, have symptoms, have traveled internationally in the past two weeks, have had contact with someone who tested positive in the last two weeks or have been asked to self-quarantine are prohibited from entering the district's courthouses. Face masks are required in public areas of courthouses.

In the state court system, attorneys and parties should notify the court and opposing counsel if they suspect that a participant in any court proceeding has tested positive for the coronavirus, has symptoms, or may have been exposed to the virus. No one who falls into those categories can attend a court proceeding without prior authorization. The Nebraska Supreme Court urged people to be familiar with all court orders and notices from the judicial district where they have any pending matter.

Nevada

In the District of Nevada, presiding judges will address the need for postponement of jury trials. All noncase events are postponed. The court is trying to conduct hearings remotely whenever possible.

Public access to the clerk's office is limited. Filings will be processed via the Case Management/Electronic Case Files system, mail, email or in designated drop boxes outside the clerk's office. Requirements for submitting paper copies for chambers are suspended while access to the clerk's office is limited. But each presiding judge may direct a party to submit courtesy copies directly to the judge's chambers. Payments by check or money order will be accepted by mail or in courthouse drop boxes. Cash payments will not be accepted.

Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, may have been exposed to it or show symptoms of COVID-19 are prohibited from visiting any courthouse.

In the district's bankruptcy court, all hearings will be conducted remotely. 

In the state court system, the Nevada Supreme Court and appellate courts have postponed all in-person oral arguments until further notice, although oral arguments may be conducted remotely. Anyone in a public area of the Carson City or Las Vegas appellate courthouses must wear a face mask and comply with social distancing and room occupancy requirements.

New Hampshire

In the District of New Hampshire, civil jury trials and bench trials scheduled for after Sept. 1, 2021, will proceed as scheduled, and presiding judges will determine how to proceed with civil trials before then. Criminal hearings may be conducted remotely. Those who have tested positive for COVID-19, may have been exposed to the virus, have symptoms, have been asked to self-quarantine or have traveled internationally in the past two weeks may not enter the Warren B. Rudman U.S. Courthouse in Concord. Face masks and social distancing are required in public areas of the courthouse. The district will conduct in-person hearings at the Rudman Courthouse on Tuesdays and Thursdays, with certain restrictions regarding the number of people who can be in a courtroom. The courthouse is closed to the public on all other days, and the clerk's office is closed to the public until further notice.

In the state court system, an amended emergency order is in place until May 17, 2021, or the last day of a declared state of emergency. The New Hampshire Supreme Court building is open to the public, with access for those attending in-court proceedings, conducting in-person business with the clerk's office or appearing for a scheduled appointment with the New Hampshire Law Library. There are in-person oral arguments in the New Hampshire Supreme Court scheduled for May, although courtroom attendance is limited. Access is available to Superior Court and Circuit Court facilities for those attending in-person proceedings, filing for certain emergency relief, filing required documents or making payments in landlord-tenant cases. Jury trials, grand jury proceedings and other proceedings may take place in person in the Superior Court. Various proceedings may take place in person in the Circuit Court. Face coverings are required in judicial branch facilities.

New Jersey

For the District of New Jersey, all civil and criminal case jury selections and trials are postponed until June 1, 2021. Grand jury proceedings were allowed to resume as normal as of April 5. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any district courthouse.

In the state court system, criminal jury trials will resume in person as of June 15, 2021, with cases involving detained defendants receiving the highest priority. Civil trials will generally continue to be conducted remotely. Jury selection for criminal and civil trials will begin in a virtual format, with jury selection for criminal cases proceeding to a final in-person phase. Urgent civil cases will be prioritized for in-person trials.

New Mexico

In the District of New Mexico, jury trials and grand jury proceedings were suspended through Feb. 28, 2021. Court hearings will be livestreamed. Anyone entering courthouse facilities is required to wear a mask.

In the state court system, jury trials were suspended in November 2020, but grand juries were not. Civil and criminal jury trials may resume in February 2021. Anyone entering a courthouse or judicial building must wear a face covering, and courts are limiting the number of people inside to allow for physical distancing.

New York

In the Southern District of New York, the court has established a phased plan to restore full services at its courthouses. The largest courtrooms in Foley Square and White Plains are being renovated to allow for jury trials. During Phase 1, courts will have minimal staffing and remain closed to the general public except for emergency matters and filing papers in drop boxes. The chief judge will determine when the court will enter or exit a specific phase. More information on the plan is available here.

All bankruptcy hearings and conferences scheduled to be held in courthouses of the Manhattan Division, White Plains Division and Poughkeepsie Division of the bankruptcy court will be conducted by telephone unless the presiding judge decides otherwise.

Those who have had COVID-19 symptoms in the past two weeks, have tested positive for the coronavirus or may have come into contact with the virus in the past two weeks are prohibited from entering the district's courthouses. Anyone in the courthouse is required to wear two approved face masks or an N95 mask. Other health measures are also in place, including social distancing, occupancy restrictions and hygiene requirements.

In the Eastern District of New York, criminal and civil jury selections, trials and in-person bench trials are no longer postponed. All trials will be rescheduled, with priority for criminal trials with in-custody defendants. The court's jury trial resumption plan is available here. The selection of new grand juries may be held in person, and currently impaneled grand juries may continue to meet.

The district is allowing video or telephone conferencing for several types of proceedings, including detention hearings, initial appearances and arraignments. Courthouse access is prohibited for those who have traveled internationally or to certain states in the past two weeks; those who have symptoms of COVID-19; those who have tested positive for the coronavirus in the past two weeks; those who have been advised to quarantine; those who live with someone who has had symptoms and those who have been released from a detention facility in the past two weeks, unless they are reporting to be fitted with a location monitoring device.

In the Northern District of New York, civil jury selections and jury trials scheduled to start on or before April 5, 2021, were postponed until further notice. Criminal jury selections and jury trials scheduled to start on or before May 15 are postponed until further notice. Case-by-case exceptions to the postponements may be ordered at the court's discretion after consulting with counsel. Other criminal matters before magistrate judges will continue to take place as usual. All mass public gatherings, including naturalization ceremonies, are suspended. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any courthouse. Face masks are required in courthouses.

In the Western District of New York, courthouses are open with certain limitations. Certain grand jury proceedings may take place remotely. The office of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services may perform administrative naturalization ceremonies until further notice. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any courthouse. Anyone not wearing a face mask will also be prohibited.

For state courts, social distancing and other measures are being enforced, and anyone entering the courthouses is required to wear a mask. Nonemployee court visitors will be required to undergo COVID-19 screening before entering a courthouse.

The court system restarted a limited number of civil and criminal jury trials as of March 22, 2021. Most matters will continue to be handled virtually for the foreseeable future, but a limited number of in-person appearances may be scheduled. Sitting grand juries will proceed for the time being. Judges and district attorneys are working to ensure there is at least one active grand jury impaneled in each county across the state.

The U.S. Court of International Trade in Manhattan is prohibiting entry to those who have been asked to self-quarantine. The restriction also applies to those who have been diagnosed with COVID-19 or have come into close contact with someone who has been diagnosed, those with symptoms and those who decline to submit to the court's COVID-19 screening. The court is allowing teleconferencing and videoconferencing with the approval of a presiding judge.

North Carolina

In the Eastern District of North Carolina, certain proceedings may be conducted remotely. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms of COVID-19 or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from visiting any courthouse without permission from the chief judge.

In the Middle District of North Carolina, an order generally postponing jury trials expired on April 2, 2021. Grand jury proceedings were allowed to continue as of June 8, 2020, and naturalization ceremonies could proceed from time to time under modified conditions consistent with public health guidance. As of May 13, 2020, judges could begin to conduct certain proceedings in court. Face masks are required in courthouse public spaces.

In the Western District of North Carolina, in-person hearings and trials may take place at the discretion of the presiding judge. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, been in contact with someone who has the virus or have had symptoms in the past two weeks are not permitted to enter courthouses. The restriction also applies to those who have traveled outside the U.S. or to a quarantined area in the past two weeks.

In the state court system, jury trials may resume in districts with approved jury trial resumption plans, which must include social distancing, mask wearing, daily screening and other health measures. Hearings and other proceedings may be conducted remotely, and the public is encouraged to conduct as much business as possible online. Anyone who has likely been exposed to COVID-19 should not enter a courthouse.

North Dakota

In the District of North Dakota, all criminal jury trials scheduled to start between Oct. 27, 2020, and Jan. 31, 2021, were postponed. All civil jury trials scheduled to start between Oct. 27, 2020, and Feb. 28, 2021, were postponed. Trial deadlines in criminal cases were also postponed, but not in civil cases. Grand jury proceedings scheduled through 2020 were postponed. Those who have tested positive for COVID-19 or have had close contact with someone who has tested positive before completing a self-quarantine period are prohibited from entering courthouses, as are those with symptoms and those who have been asked to self-quarantine by a doctor. Face coverings are required in federal courthouses.

In the state court system, some presiding judges of North Dakota's eight judicial districts have issued orders or other guidance on court operations during the pandemic.

Northern Mariana Islands

In the District of the Northern Mariana Islands, attendance for in-court proceedings is limited to parties, counsel, witnesses, other necessary people and a limited number of members of the public. The court will consider requests for remote proceedings. Naturalization ceremonies will be restricted to necessary parties.

Ohio

In the Southern District of Ohio, courthouses in Columbus, Cincinnati and Dayton reopened to the public June 1, 2020. The court will be available for some on-site proceedings but will make efforts to minimize those. Masks are required to enter the courthouses, and visitors will be subject to temperature screenings. Grand jury proceedings were allowed to resume as of June 1, with social distancing.

In the Northern District of Ohio, courthouses are closed to the public until further notice. Civil and criminal jury trials were allowed to begin as of Sept. 21, 2020, if certain conditions were met. The court will continue to handle proceedings remotely. Face masks are required in courthouses. The clerk's office intake windows are closed, but electronic filings can be made. Filings can also be submitted by mail or, in an emergency, submitted to EmergencyFiling@ohnd.uscourts.gov.

The Ohio Supreme Court has provided guidance for state courts, including waiving appearances for pretrial hearings and using video conferencing or other technology to conduct proceedings including arraignments, hearings, pretrial hearings and probation meetings.

Oklahoma

In the Northern District of Oklahoma, all civil pretrial hearings and trials scheduled on or before May 31, 2021, are postponed until further notice. Any other scheduled civil hearings remain in effect, and the judge may decide to hold on-site hearings or jury trials. The court will conduct limited criminal jury trials in May. All other criminal pretrial hearings and trials scheduled on or before May 31 are postponed. Other criminal hearings remain in effect and may be held remotely or in person. Grand jury proceedings and limited naturalization ceremonies will continue to be held. All visitors are required to wear masks while on the third and fourth floors of the Page Belcher Building in Tulsa.

In the Western District of Oklahoma, presiding judges may determine on a case-by-case basis whether civil matters scheduled for in-court appearances should proceed or be postponed. Matters that can be resolved without oral argument should proceed as normal, and the use of remote hearings is encouraged. Routine in-person status conferences are suspended. Criminal pretrial proceedings should be handled by videoconference as much as possible.

In the Eastern District of Oklahoma, all jury trials scheduled to start through April 5, 2021, in the Ed Edmondson Federal Courthouse were postponed. Grand jury proceedings and naturalization ceremonies may go forward with precautionary screening, social distancing and personal protective equipment measures in place. Those who have COVID-19 symptoms, have tested positive for the coronavirus or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering the courthouse. Masks are required to enter the courthouse.

On the state side, the Oklahoma Supreme Court and Court of Criminal Appeals ordered that civil and criminal jury trials be rescheduled on the next available jury docket after July 31, 2020. Starting May 16, 2020, all rules, procedures and deadlines were enforced. The period from March 16 to May 15, 2020, will be treated as a tolling period. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any courtroom or other facility used by the state courts.

Oregon

In the District of Oregon, civil and criminal jury selections, trials and other matters, including grand jury proceedings, may take place as of July 16, 2020, as long as proceedings can be conducted in compliance with health advisories. Face masks are required in courthouses. Those who have tested positive for COVID-19, have symptoms, have been asked to self-quarantine within the past two weeks or have had close physical contact with someone who has tested positive in the last two weeks are prohibited from entering the district's courthouses.

In the state court system, jury trials may be held in person in certain areas as of Feb. 17, 2021.

Pennsylvania

In the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, the court resumed holding jury trials on a limited basis the week of May 3, 2021. The initial test period for jury trials will be in effect through at least June 7. Essential in-person proceedings may be held in courtrooms in accordance with certain protocols.

Access to courthouses is limited to judges, court personnel and those attending court proceedings or who have other official business with the court. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering courthouses. Courthouse visitors must wear a face mask when entering the building and when in public areas of the courthouse. Face masks will be provided for visitors who do not have their own.

In the Western District of Pennsylvania, civil and criminal jury selections and trials scheduled to begin before June 1, 2021, are generally postponed until further notice. The court plans to conduct one or more civil jury trials in each division through May. All trial-specific deadlines remain in effect unless altered by the presiding judge. Judges are encouraged to handle proceedings remotely. Naturalization proceedings may continue in conformity with public health advisories. Grand juries may be seated and meet.

In the Middle District of Pennsylvania, the court began a phased reopening, which it is monitoring on a 15-day evaluation cycle. Various types of criminal proceedings may be conducted remotely. Face masks are required in public areas of the courthouse.

For the state court system, pandemic-related orders by county are available here. The state Supreme Court ordered all county courts to resume various court operations while prioritizing critical matters and encouraging remote proceedings that allow public access.

Puerto Rico

In the District of Puerto Rico, certain proceedings will be conducted remotely. Jury trials may resume, and criminal matters before magistrate judges will be conducted remotely with the defendant's consent. All petty offense Central Violations Bureau hearings are postponed until further notice. Employees and visitors are required to wear face masks on the premises of the Clemente Ruiz Nazario U.S. Courthouse and the Federico Degetau Federal Office Building in Hato Rey. The intake area of the bankruptcy court will be closed to the public through July 12, 2021.

Rhode Island

In the District of Rhode Island, the courthouse building at One Exchange Terrace, Providence, and the court portion of the John O. Pastore Building in Providence are closed to the public until further notice. Criminal jury selections and trials are postponed until May 2021. The court will conduct civil trials in May. The U.S. Attorney's Office may convene a grand jury if safety protocols are met. Face masks are required in public areas of the courthouse. Those who have tested positive for COVID-19, been asked to self-quarantine, have symptoms, have traveled internationally, or have had contact with someone who may have tested positive in the past two weeks may not enter the courthouse.

In the state Superior Court system, grand jury proceedings were allowed to begin as of May 18, 2020. Nonemergency matters that can't be handled remotely may be conducted in person on a limited basis, with staggered calendars, social distancing and face mask protocols. The court will also continue to conduct proceedings remotely. Statutes of limitation are not tolled. 

In the state Supreme Court, those who need additional time to file papers can file a motion consistent with Article I of the Rules of Appellate Procedure. All papers can be filed electronically at SupremeCourtClerksOffice@courts.ri.gov.

South Carolina

In the District of South Carolina, all civil and criminal jury selections and trials are postponed until further notice. All grand jury proceedings are postponed unless otherwise ordered by the chief judge. Individual judges may determine if hearings are handled remotely, in person or rescheduled.

In the state court system, judges may hear pending nonjury matters. All jury trials are postponed and all large gatherings are canceled until further notice. Hearings that can be held by video may be held remotely. In-person hearings will occur only when remote hearings are not feasible. In the appellate courts, oral arguments and hearings will be handled remotely. County grand jury proceedings may be held in person with certain safety measures as of June 1, 2020.

South Dakota

In the District of South Dakota, those who have tested positive for COVID-19 in the past two weeks, have had contact with someone who has tested positive in the past two weeks, have been directed to self-quarantine, have symptoms, or have traveled internationally in the past two weeks are prohibited from entering courthouses. Jury trials were allowed to resume as of Jan. 25, 2021, although the Western Division further postponed jury trials scheduled prior to March 8, 2021.

The South Dakota Supreme Court declared a judicial emergency and authorized the presiding judges of the state's seven judicial circuits to adopt rules and orders regarding court operations. Each circuit put forward policies to address requests from high-risk individuals to be excused from in-person court appearances.

Tennessee

In the Eastern District of Tennessee, limited civil and criminal jury trials may resume after June 14, 2020, at the court's discretion. Proceedings will be held remotely when possible. Grand juries will convene as directed by the court.

In the Western District of Tennessee, jury selections and jury trials set to begin between May 3 and June 4, 2021, will proceed as scheduled, subject to the presiding judge's discretion. No new grand juries will be impaneled through June 4, and proceedings for current grand juries are suspended through the same date  except in limited circumstances. Courts should maintain masking and social distancing guidelines inside their facilities. Certain limited in-person proceedings should involve no more than 15 people in a courtroom.

In the Middle District of Tennessee, criminal case jury selections and jury trials scheduled to begin on or before June 30, 2021, will proceed as scheduled. Civil case jury selections and jury trials will proceed as scheduled unless the presiding judge orders otherwise. Grand jury proceedings are postponed through June 30, with the exception of one panel that will report for limited purposes. The court will not conduct public naturalization ceremonies before June 30, but may conduct virtual ceremonies.

In the state court system, jury trials were generally suspended through March 31, 2021. That order did not apply to administrative courts within the executive branch. Face masks are required in courthouses for those over the age of 12. All court matters should be conducted remotely, if possible.

Texas

In the Northern District of Texas, civil and criminal trials scheduled to start between Nov. 18 and Dec. 31, 2020, were postponed to a date after Jan. 1, 2021. Various proceedings may be held remotely.

In the Southern District of Texas, civil and criminal jury trials in the Victoria and Corpus Christi divisions were postponed through March 31, 2021, with certain exceptions for a limited number of jury trials beginning in March. Civil and criminal jury trials scheduled to start on or before June 6 in the McAllen Division are postponed, with limited exceptions for certain short trials. The Bob Casey U.S. Courthouse in Houston and the U.S. Post Office and Courthouse in Galveston are open to the public as of July 13, 2020. Criminal and civil jury trials may resume in those divisions as of May 10, 2021. Jury trials scheduled to begin through June 7 in the Laredo Division are postponed.

In the Eastern District, attorneys and parties were ordered to communicate if court proceedings could cause someone to come into contact with an individual exposed to or infected with the coronavirus. Those who have symptoms, have tested positive for the coronavirus and those who may have come in contact with the virus are prohibited from entering any courthouse. Certain criminal proceedings may be held remotely.

In the Western District of Texas, an order generally postponing civil and criminal jury trials that were scheduled to begin through April 30, 2021, expired. Grand jury proceedings were permitted to resume on or after July 1, 2020. Judges may hold in-person hearings, sentencing proceedings and conferences, but parties are encouraged to participate in proceedings remotely. Naturalization ceremonies may take place if social distancing can be ensured.

In the state court system, courts may conduct proceedings in-person, including jury proceedings. Courts can allow or require anyone participating in proceedings to participate remotely, and they may modify and suspend deadlines and procedures through June 1, 2021.

U.S. Virgin Islands

In the District of the Virgin Islands, civil and criminal jury trials may resume on a limited basis. Grand jury proceedings may resume. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from visiting the courthouses.

The Supreme Court of the Virgin Islands ordered that in-person proceedings scheduled for July 20, 2020, or later should be held remotely to the greatest extent possible. No new in-person proceedings will be conducted in Superior Court without the approval of the presiding judge. Jury trials may be held in-person as of Jan. 1, 2021. Clerk's offices for the Supreme Court and Superior Court are open for accepting filings.

Utah

In the District of Utah, limited in-person jury trials may resume, and the court may hold continuous, consecutive criminal jury trials as of April 29, 2021. Trial-related deadlines in criminal cases are generally postponed. In-person civil jury trials are postponed through June 30. Normal grand jury proceedings were allowed to resume as of April 1. All public and bar-related functions scheduled to take place at the federal courthouse in Salt Lake City between April 1 and June 30 are canceled.

In the state court system, those with symptoms of COVID-19 and those who may have been exposed to the coronavirus are not allowed to enter any courthouse. The Utah Supreme Court directed state court judges to grant motions for extensions of time liberally. Hearings will be conducted remotely or on the papers, "absent exigent circumstances," according to the state Supreme Court's order.

Vermont

In the District of Vermont, anyone in public spaces of the courthouse must wear a mask. At individual judges' discretion, in-person hearings in criminal and civil cases may resume on a limited basis in Burlington after May 25, 2020, and in Rutland after June 8, 2020. Remote hearings will be conducted as often as possible. Before any trial, the court will enter an order tailored to the needs of the case regarding measures to reduce the risk of infection to all participants.

In the state court system, criminal jury trials were suspended until Sept. 1, 2020. A committee provided a report on restarting criminal jury trials, and an implementation plan based on the report is forthcoming. Civil jury trials were suspended until Jan. 1, 2021. Nonemergency hearings were permitted to resume as of June 1, 2020.

Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering state courthouses.

Virginia

In the Eastern District of Virginia, criminal jury trials and grand jury proceedings may resume as of March 1, 2021. All in-person misdemeanor, traffic and petty offense dockets and the impanelments of new grand juries are suspended through March 31.

In the Western District of Virginia, civil and criminal jury trials were suspended until April 1, 2021, although a presiding judge may conduct a jury trial at his or her discretion. Court proceedings will be held via videoconference whenever practicable. Naturalization ceremonies scheduled for before May 31 are suspended. The public counters of the clerk's office have reopened.

In the state court system, the Virginia Supreme Court and Rose Lafoon Building in Richmond are closed to the public until further notice. Courts are encouraged to hear matters remotely, although they can hear in-person nonemergency matters and nonjury cases at their discretion if they follow certain guidelines. The Supreme Court has approved jury trial resumption plans for various Circuit courts, which are available here. Individuals who have had symptoms of COVID-19, have traveled internationally, tested positive for the coronavirus or have been in close contact with anyone in those categories in the past two weeks are prohibited from entering state courthouses. Everyone over the age of 10 must wear a face mask when entering courthouses.

Washington

In the Western District of Washington, all in-person civil and criminal hearings and trial dates scheduled to occur before June 30, 2021, are generally postponed until further notice. Individual judges may decide to proceed with remote conferences as appropriate. Individual judges may also proceed with a "very limited" number of in-person hearings and bench trials on a case-by-case basis, the court ordered. In-person criminal trials will be scheduled starting May 17, 2021, and will proceed one at a time. Everyone over the age of 2 must wear a face mask at all times in the courthouses. The bankruptcy court will continue with scheduled nonevidentiary hearings by telephone as posted on www.wawb.uscourts.gov and announced by the individual bankruptcy judge.

In the Eastern District of Washington, courthouses reopened to the public on April 1. Grand jury sessions will proceed as scheduled in Spokane and Yakima. Jury trials may resume in person, subject to the presiding judge's discretion, as of April 1. Clerk's offices in Yakima, Spokane and Richland are open and physically accessible to the public. Masks are required for any in-court proceeding.

In the state court system, new jury trials may begin as of July 6, 2020, and the use of remote technology is encouraged for jury selection.

Washington, D.C.

The District Court for the District of Columbia will begin a limited resumption of criminal jury trials from March 15 through Aug. 31, 2021. No more than three trials will take place in the courthouse at once. Civil trials are postponed through June 1. Grand jury proceedings resumed in late June 2020 on a limited schedule. Other proceedings may be held in person at the judge's discretion. Naturalization ceremonies are suspended and postponed until further notice. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services may administer the oath of allegiance administratively to all naturalization applicants residing in D.C. until the court directs otherwise.

In the D.C. Superior Court, the civil division plans to resume jury trials in May 2021. The civil division will conduct remote hearings, trials, and evidentiary hearings in any civil case where it is deemed appropriate. There are 25 criminal courtrooms operating, 13 of which are entirely remote.

The D.C. Court of Appeals ordered that oral arguments may resume remotely on a limited basis as of May 26, 2020. Those entering court buildings must wear face masks. Those with COVID-19 symptoms should not enter the courthouse, which is closed to the public through March 31, 2021.

In the Court of Federal Claims, members of the public may access the Howard T. Markey National Courts Building and connecting buildings on a case-by-case basis until through March 31, 2021. Individuals must submit case filings either through the U.S. Postal Service or by deposit in the court's night box, which is located at the garage entrance on H Street NW between 15th Street and Madison Place. Pro se plaintiffs may also file documents via email to ProSe_case_filings@cfc.uscourts.gov.

The U.S. Tax Court building is closed until further notice, although mail delivery has resumed.

West Virginia

In the Northern District of West Virginia, those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any courthouse. The period from April 17 through June 30, 2020 can be excluded from speedy trial calculations. Face masks are required for those entering courthouses.

In the Southern District of West Virginia, civil and criminal jury selections may start on May 3, 2021, with safety protocols. Grand jury meetings scheduled for before Aug. 31 will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. All other civil and criminal proceedings may be conducted in person with social distancing at the judge's discretion. Masks are required for those entering the courthouse. Those who tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus are prohibited from entering any courthouse.

In the state court system, certain courts have begun reopening, while others remain open on a limited basis. Information on specific courts can be found here.

Wisconsin

In the Eastern District of Wisconsin, judges may resume in-person scheduling for civil and criminal jury trials, petty offense hearings and all criminal hearings in which the defendant does not consent to proceeding remotely as of July 2020. Parties seeking exclusions of time under the Speedy Trial Act must make specific requests to the presiding judge. Naturalization ceremonies scheduled for before Sept. 30 are canceled. There are face mask and social distancing requirements for the courthouse. Those who are experiencing COVID-19 symptoms or may have come into contact with the virus in the past two weeks are prohibited from visiting the courthouse.

In the Western District of Wisconsin, jury trials were suspended through Jan. 31, 2021. A drop box will be available to litigants in the courthouse's main entrance during business hours. Central Violations Bureau hearings are canceled until further notice. Anyone entering the courthouse must wear a face mask.

In the state court system, all civil and criminal jury trials in each Circuit Court are postponed until that court prepares a plan to resume in-person proceedings and the plan is approved by the chief judge of the applicable judicial administrative district. Orders authorizing in-person proceedings by county can be found here.

Wyoming

In the District of Wyoming, judges are conducting matters remotely where possible. Those who have tested positive for the coronavirus, have symptoms or may have been exposed to the virus — including those who have recently visited Iran, China, South Korea or a host of European countries — are prohibited from entering the courthouse.

In the state court system, no jury trials should be conducted until further notice unless a jury trial operating plan has been adopted by the relevant judges, submitted to the county health officer without objection and submitted to the Wyoming Supreme Court. All other in-person proceedings are suspended, except for civil and criminal jury trials that were in progress as of Nov. 13, 2020, certain emergency proceedings and other proceedings approved by the chief justice of the Wyoming Supreme Court or deemed necessary by a district or circuit judge.

Immigration Courts


The U.S. Department of Justice's Executive Office for Immigration Review has postponed immigration court hearings for immigrants who aren't in detention through June 11, 2021, except where otherwise announced. Hearings on the detained docket are continuing.

The Louisville, Kentucky, immigration court has been closed since August 2019 for reasons unrelated to the virus, but filers can submit to the Memphis, Tennessee, immigration court. A list of each immigration court's operational status is available here.

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office


All examiner and examining attorney interviews, Patent Trial and Appeal Board and Trademark Trial and Appeal Board oral hearings and other similar in-person meetings scheduled to take place at USPTO offices on or after March 13, 2020, will be conducted remotely by video or telephone until further notice. The agency may suspend the requirement for filing paper certified copies of applications filed in certain foreign intellectual property offices.

--Additional reporting by Stewart Bishop, Dorothy Atkins, Jack Queen, Suzanne Monyak, Matt Chiappardi and Melissa Lipman. Editing by Jill Coffey.

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