9th Circ. Vacates $12M Fine For Convicted Catfish Importer
The appeals court remanded the case, ruling U.S. District Judge Philip S. Guitierrez needs to address whether a forfeiture order requiring Peter Xuong Lam, who became a U.S. citizen in 1991, to pay the fine violates the Eighth Amendment's prohibition of excessive fines.
In October 2008, a Los Angeles federal jury...
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